Hypoglycemia
By: Arshdeep Mudhar

                                         What is exactly Hypoglycemia?

A person with abnormally low levels of blood sugar (glucose) has hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself; it is a sign of a health problem. Hypoglycemia can occur in teens, early adulthood, middle aged adults and elderly.

                        What type of foods can cause Hypoglycemia?

Taking larger amounts of simple sugar, having a large intakes of carbohydrates, and not having frequent feedings can cause Hypoglycemia. Candy, sodas, and even fruit juices (which manufacturers often sweeten with lots of sugar) are all high in sugar and should be avoided.

                        Symptoms and Treatments of Hypoglycemia!    

Symptoms:                 

  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling shaky
  • Hunger
  • Headaches
  • Irritability
  • Pounding heart; racing pulse
  • Pale skin
  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Weakness
  • Anxiety

Treatments:

  1. Consume 15-20 grams of glucose or simple carbohydrates
  2. Recheck your blood glucose after 15 minutes
  3. If hypoglycemia continues, repeat.
  4. Once blood glucose returns to normal, eat a small snack if your next planned meal or snack is more than an hour or two away.

15 grams of simple carbohydrates commonly used:

  • glucose tablets (follow package instructions)
  • gel tube (follow package instructions)
  • 2 tablespoons of raisins
  • 4 ounces (1/2 cup) of juice or regular soda (not diet)
  • 1 tablespoon sugar, honey, or corn syrup
  • 8 ounces of nonfat or 1% milk
  • hard candies, jellybeans, or gumdrops (see package to determine how many to consume)
  •   (American Diabetes Association. www.diabetes.org. 2014)

    

      How to prevent Hypoglycemia? What type of foods you should eat?

                         

  1. Reduce your intake of simple carbohydrates
  2. Eat a limited amount of complex carbohydrates
  3. Choose more high-fiber foods
  4. Incorporate more proteins into your diet, such as fish, poultry, meats, and dairy products, such as low- or non-fat milk and cheese
  5. Avoid alcohol, and limit coffee, tea, colas, chocolate, and cocoa
  6. Instead of three large meals a day, have six small meals, which can help stabilize blood glucose levels throughout the day
  7. Schedule your meals at regular intervals
  8. Lose excess weight

Overall, Hypoglycemia can happen suddenly. It’s usually mild and can be easily treated by eating or drinking something with glucose. But if it isn't treated, hypoglycemia can cause confusion, clumsiness, or fainting.


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