AUSTRALIA
by: Adrian Soto

Brief History

Prehistoric settlers arrived here in Australia 40,000 years ago before the first exploration of European settlers in the 17th century. Six colonies were created in the 18th and 19th century. In 1770, Captain James Cook took possession of Australia and claimed it as Britain. He named it New South Wales.

Environment

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. Australia has 91% of land covered in native vegetation. Australia is the driest continent in the world. Australia is so big it has different climates. There is mostly desert in Australia. The northern part of Australia has a tropical climate. In Australia it rains more in winter than in summer by 11%.

Politics of today

Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm type of government. Tony Abbott and Elizabeth ll are the leaders of Australia. Australia has  written constitutions which delineate the powers of the Federal Government.

Economy

In 2014 the GDP of Australia made a total of $1.1 trillion dollars. It is the 20th country with the most GDP. The type of currency in Australia is almost the same as the United States. The only thing is that the money looks different. One US dollar is equal to 1.29 in Australia. Australia was the 19th ranked country with the imports and exports in 2010. 

Education

There are two types of schools in Australia. They can either be a government school or a non-government school. Both schools require you to wear school uniform. There is primary school and secondary school. Primary is up to seven or eight years. Secondary is up to three or four years. There is also a senior secondary school. It finishes the rest of the school years of 11th and 12th grade.

Cultural Traditions

The country of Australia is celebrated on January 26. It is celebrated with concerts and fireworks. Australia has a main sport. It is called AFL. It is kind of related to the sport rugby. you carry the ball with your hands and run or something. Australia has some relating cultures as the US.

Recreation

Australians enjoyed an average of over five hours of free time per day. The most popular free-time activities were watching TV and videos. They also like to play sports like cricket and rugby. Some people like to go scuba diving in the Great Barrier Reef.

Citations

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