Come Visit the Arabian Peninsula!
By: Sydney Garlock

The Desert

The Arabian Desert covers about three fourths of the Arabian Peninsula. The weather is very dry and hot. In the summer time the weather rises over 120 degrees but at night and in the winter it can drop below freezing. If you're in the desert make sure you find an oases so you will have water to drink.


The desert is dotted with oases, areas where fresh water is available. Oases occur in areas where water has been trapped under ground. Around oases usually have shade and vegetation. Some nomads, a person who moves from place to place often in search of water and vegetation, have become sedentary, permanently settled in one place, there.

Coastal Plains

Arabia's coastal plain runs along the coasts of the peninsula. Arabia's coastal plain ranges between 5 and 40 miles inland. Coastal Plains end in rocky cliffs; the air is damp, moist, and rain falls regularly. Unlike the very dry desert the coastal plains are suitable for farming. People build wells, dams, and systems to irrigate, to bring water to a dry place in order to grow crops, land.

The Mountains

Arabia's largest mountain ranges run along the western and southern edges of the peninsula. They divide the coastal plain from the desert; Arabia's mountains rise from 1,000 to 12,000 feet high. These mountain ranges have a very different climate from the rest of the peninsula. Most winds from the Indian Ocean bring as much as 20 inches of rain each year.

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