The Zambezi river
Zambezi ,also spelled Zambesi, is weaving across southern Africa. The Zambezi rises in eastern Angola, passes through Zambia, flows along the borders of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, crosses through Mozambique, and enters the Indian Ocean's Mozambique Channel near Chinde. Nambia's Capriva Strip was created to allow access the Zambezi. The Cabora Bassa and Kariba Dams form large lakes of the same name. Flowing through south-central Africa in an S-shaped course toward the Indian Ocean is the Zambezi River. It is 2,200 miles (3,540 kilometers) long, and its basin drains the entire south-central region of the continent—500,000 square miles (1,295,000 square kilometers). The Zambezi’s tributaries include the Kabompo, Lungwebungu, Chobe, Kafue, and Shire rivers. The Zambezi River lies within the tropics. The upper and middle course of the river is on an upland plateau, and temperatures, modified by altitude, are relatively mild, generally between 64° and 86° F (18° and 30° C). The most spectacular feature of the Zambezi is Victoria Falls, or Mosi-oa-Tunya ("the smoke that thunders"), which is over a mile wide and is the largest waterfall by flow rate in Africa. The fact that the Zambezi separates Zambia and Zimbabwe is a classic trivia question.
Unlike most rivers approaching a cataract, the Zambezi has no rapids to warn the river traveler of the approaching precipice. A shallow, broad river, the Zambezi continues to move slowly up to the brink of the falls. Then it spills abruptly over the 355-foot precipice with a thunderous roar.
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