HIV 3 Stages

There are many diseases that are transmitted sexually. We call them STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections). One of the most dangerous if not the most dangerous of those diseases is certainly HIV. In fact, it is the deadliest STI in the world and just to add to its deadly power, this virus is not only transmissible by sexual relations. A good way to get the number of its victims down is, firstly, to learn about that infection and to understand how progresses in your body. The HIV Virus acts in three stages: Acute Infection, Clinical Latency and finally AIDS.

During the Acute Infection stage, the virus starts to spread itself in your system. In fact, it begins to replicate using CD4 cells (“a type of white blood cell that fights infections[1]”) and then destroying them in the process. That stages starts about 2-4 weeks after the infection and causes sickness symptoms (such as fever, muscle and joint pains, headache, etc.) to the victims that often describe it as the worst flu they ever had.

Then there is the second stage called: Clinical Latency. In this stage the virus slows down its reproduction pace and people feel symptoms-free but the virus is still reproducing and also still transmissible. In fact, “Latency means a period where a virus is living or developing in a person without producing symptoms[2]”. This stage can last many decades if you follow a treatment but lasts about 10 years for a person who is not treated.

Finally, the last stage is AIDS. You are considered being at that stage when your immune system is really damaged. People who are at the AIDS become very vulnerable to all sorts of diseases because their body don’t contains enough CD4 cells anymore to effectively fight those opportunists illnesses. Those people normally live for about 3 years but that life expectancy can decrease to 1 year if you a catch dangerous opportunist disease.

MLA Sources

“STAGES OF HIV INFECTION” AIDS.gov. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. 19 Dec. 2013.

Web. 23 Apr. 2014

“HIV, AIDS, and CD4 count” WebMD.com. HIV & AIDS Health Center. Web. 23 Apr. 2014

[1] http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/cd4-count-what-does-it-mean

[2] http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/just-diagnosed-with-hiv-aids/hiv-in-your-body/stages-of-hiv/

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