GREEK AND ROMAN INVENTIONS
The Greek and Romans created many different things, used for different purposes, but they all helped people in everyday life.
The Greek and Romans both created maps. But they were very different. One of the main differences between their maps is that, the Greeks used latitude, longitude, and astronomical measurements. While the Romans tried to make their maps look more like the old disk map made by Ionian geographers because they thought it better adapted to their purposes. But these Roman maps were extremely distorted.
Anaximander is a Greek who is credited to have made the very first map in the world. The map was made in 6th century B.C.
The first known Roman map ever made was by a man named Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. His map took almost 20 years to make. It was completed in 20 A.D.
The perachora wheel was also invented by the Greeks. A perachora wheel was used was basically a water mill used to pump water. No one knows who invented it but researchers do know that it was invented in 3rd century B.C.
The Julien Calendar was invented by a Roman named Julius Caesar in 45 B.C. The months included Ianuarius, Februrarius, Mercendonius, Martius, Aprilis, Mais, Iunius, Julius, Agustus, September, October, November, and December.
Water screws were invented in 260 B.C. by a Greek named Archimedes. The water screw was created to raise water out of the ground. It's made by putting a screw (a helical surface surrounding a central cylindrical shaft) inside a hollow pipe. The screw is turned usually by a windmill or by manual labor.
Roman aqueducts were made by Appia Claudius in 312 B.C. A Roman aqueduct is used as a water supply or a navigable channel constructed to convey water.
The catapult was invented by a Greek man named Dionysius in 399 B.C. It was built to hurl or launch an object in a specific direction.
Newspapers were invented by the Romans in 131 B.C. These early newspapers were carved onto metal or stone and posted in heavily trafficked areas such as the Roman Forum.
Levers were a Greek invention invented by Archimedes in 260 B.C. Many of our basic tools use levers including scissors, pliers, hammer claws, tongs, and many more.
Concrete was invented by the Romans about 2,100 years ago. It was made with slaked slime and volcanic ash. They used it to build many Roman structures still standing today including the Pantheon, Colosseum, and Roman Forum.