Development and Personality Project
By: Isabelle Bonner
Education: Highland Park High School
Hometown: Dallas, Texas
Birthday: October 3, 1997
Place of birth: Durham, North Carolina
Current age: 17
Place of Birth
John Locke--->Isabelle Bonner
Here you were an infant with a neutral life, simply a "blank slate". Your personality had not yet developed and your parents who surrounded you at all times had a lot to do with how your personality came about.
Jean Piaget--->Isabelle Bonner
Here you were a one year old. This was your Sensorimotor Period and separation anxiety kicked in. You could not be away from your parents without crying because you did not understand that they were going to come back.
Albert Bandura--->Isabelle Bonner
This is an example of Social Learning Theory, as you have learned via observation of people driving their cars!
B.F. Skinner--->Isabelle Bonner
By learning to dive, it created a positive outcome, (teachers and parents cheering for you) so you continued this behavior to receive approval.
Sigmund Freud--->Isabelle Bonner
Here your personality is mostly established because psychoanalytic theory suggested that personality is mostly established by the age of five.
Erik Erikson--->Isabelle Bonner
At this age, you were finding out what you were good at and what you wanted to put your energy into. This included taking care of your brother!
I believe that these results are a good representation of who I believe I am. In my arena I agreed with the majority of the words my friends chose and I am now aware of my blind spots. My façade section is interesting because they are mostly my flaws and my friends did not pick my flaws to describe me so I believe I do a good job of hiding them. The words in the unknown section describe exactly what I think I'm not.
PIAGET'S COGNITIVE STAGES
Sensorimotor period: Birth-2 separation anxiety.
My mom said that when I was 3, I was taking a nap and during it my mom was outside working in the flowerbeds. I woke up and started looking for my mom and soon started screaming because my mom was not in the house. Apparently I told my mom that I thought she had left me but she told me she would never do that. Luckily that did not last long, as I grew out of it the next year.
Preoperational period: (2-7 years) Lack of conservation (juice experiment with little kid)
My mom told me that my brother and I would fight over the amount of something she gave us, such as dessert. She would trick us into thinking one of us got more ice cream because she put it in a bigger bowl when really it was the exact same amount she gave to my brother, his was just in a smaller bowl so I believed that I got more.
Concrete operational period: (7-12 years) grouping, concrete objects, decreased centrism: able to think about problems in different ways, experiences, conservation and reversibility, puberty marks end of this period
My parents think I began to understood concepts quickly around the age of seven. They told me that when I was in kindergarten around age five, my best friend went to a different school and that it was hard for me to understand how my relationship changed with her. Around two years later when I turned seven I finally understood that making new friends created a little distance between the two of us. (Decreased centrism)
Formal Operational Period: (12 years and up) Abstract reasoning, hypothetical thought, conceptualize theoretical problems, morals and values
My mom said a good example of this was my dedication to my club soccer team. My values were my work ethic, and my responsibilities included wanting to get to practice on time, having appropriate practice uniforms, and respecting my coach. I was very dedicated to my teammates and the game and she said that was a large responsibility for my age. I also found a love for art and I began to think abstractly.
ERIKSON'S PSYCHOLOGICAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
Trust vs. Mistrust (birth-1): Security-makes kids more inquisitive and trusting, “Who can I trust?”
When I was 2 my mom remembered when I would jump to her in the pool even though I was scared, I still trusted her to not let me go under the water. I was a very cautious child.
Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt (1-3): Obtain a personality, autonomy begins to occur: having a sense of doing something yourself, responsibility, need to allow exploration, or they will doubt themselves and have shame, independence
Around the age of four, my mom said I would go over to our neighbors house on my own and I would play with the boy who lived next door. This is when I started to become a little be more independent. I was shy and slow to warm, but once I observed the situation I was okay. My mom really started to see my personality based off of how I treated others. My mom said I was always cooperative and friendly and people were always drawn to me.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6): Leadership: being line leader, coming up with an idea, and taking an initiative-good; always wanting to be in control-bad, Guilt of having my own ideas and putting myself out there
According to my mom, I was a leader very early on. I've always had a subtle way of leading others and people always wanted to be around me. In 3rd grade, my teammates and soccer coach noticed, and made me captain of my soccer team because people looked up to me.
Industry vs. Inferiority (Ages 6-puberty): What you’re good at, what you like to do, pride, finding out what you’re good at and what you want to put your energy into
As I was going through puberty, my dad said that I began to find an interest in art. My dad is a creative art director and I believe I received my artistic abilities from him. I also discovered my love for soccer and how I enjoyed playing the game.
Identity vs. Role Confusion (adolescence): “Who am I and where am I going?” Foreclosure: no soul searching; someone will “hand you” your identity; Moratorium: soul searching; identity crisis, commitment to identity is delayed; Diffusion: no soul searching or identity crisis, never finds identity that fits, results in confusion; Achievement: after period of soul-searching/identify crisis, finds oneself i.e.0 identity that “suits them.”
This is the point in which I am currently living in. I am starting to think about where I am headed to college, career aspirations and who I am as an individual. I am definitely soul searching and I enjoy doing so. Discovering new things about myself and being able to choose what I want to do with my life is an incredible blessing.
Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young adulthood): Figuring out how you want to share your life with someone else, more serious in relationships
In the future, my mom sees me working in the field of psychology, specifically a therapist of some sort. I love working with kids and my mom has said that even when I was a one year old I had a love for children. Her reasoning for this is on my very first birthday I received a baby doll from one of my mom's friends. Before I was given any instruction on what to do with it, I automatically picked up the bottle it came with and started to bottle feed the baby doll. My mom knew at that very moment that I was going to do something with children and that I would make a difference in kid's lives.
Generativity vs. Self-Absorption/Stagnation (Middle Adulthood): Confusion with what you are doing with your life, productivity, “Am I generating something of value?”
My parents both predict that by this age I will have accomplished almost everything that I wanted to do in life and I will not need to ask myself questions such as "what am I doing with my life?"
Integrity vs. Despair: Reflection, reminiscence, Are there things you did not do? Does not always happen in senior adulthood, if you are diagnosed with a terminal disease this stage will occur. “Near the end” “Have you lived a full life?”
I believe that when I grow closer to death, I will be a well accomplished, thriving senior who's outlook on life will be only positive things. I will have hopefully made an impact on children's lives and I will have had a family of my own to be proud of.
Humanistic psychologists believe that an individual's behavior is connected to their inner feelings and self concept. Humanism is a psychological approach that emphasizes the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving. As an ENFP, my primary mode of living is focused externally, where I take things in primarily via my intuition. My secondary mode is internal, where I deal with things according to how I feel about them, or how they fit in with my personal value system. According to the description of ENFPs, I live in the world of possibilities, and can become very passionate and excited about things.
The behaviorist theory suggests that psychology should be seen as a science. Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion. It states that people have no free will – a person’s environment determines their behavior. Behavior is the result of stimulus – response. As an ENFP, I needs to focus on following through with my projects as I am very project oriented. ENFPs are so alert and sensitive, constantly scanning their environments, which portrays my responses.
This theory directly relates to observing others within the context of social interactions, experiences, and outside media influences. It says that people do not learn new behaviors solely by trying them and either succeeding or failing, but rather, the survival of humanity is dependent upon the replication of the actions of others. Being an ENFP, I am very sensitive to how others act. For example, if I am very friendly and outgoing to someone, I want and expect them to react the same way I did towards them, and if they don't then I am quick to judge. People influence my behavior entirely.
Psychoanalytic theory originated with the work of Sigmund Freud. Through his clinical work with patients suffering from mental illness, Freud came to believe that childhood experiences and unconscious desires influenced behavior. As a child, I was worried, curious, and cautious. Today I am mostly cautious, extremely curious, and always worried. Sometimes, especially at a younger age, an ENFP will tend to be "gushy" and insincere, and generally "overdo" in an effort to win acceptance. However, once an ENFP has learned to balance their need to be true to themselves with their need for acceptance, they excel at bringing out the best in others, and are typically well-liked. This explains how my childhood experiences somewhat influenced my behavior today.
Erik Erikson believed that Freud was incorrect to believe that personality is shaped almost entirely by childhood events. This is true because I am not the same person that I was when I was a child. When I was younger, school was a much easier task than it is today. Now I have more responsibilities and I have become more independent. My morals and values have changed based off of my own experiences as I have gotten older.
The trait approach to personality is focused on differences between individuals. The combination and interaction of various traits forms a personality that is unique to each individual. Growing up I have learned that I received multiple traits from my parents. My dad is an introvert and a creative art director. I believe that I got my creativity traits from him and I also the trait of being introverted and more reserved. My mom is the opposite, extroverted and not very creative. I think that I got her trait of being a little extroverted because according the The Big 5 Test, I am neither extroverted nor introverted because I fall right in between the two.