The Female in the Classroom
Case Two- By Megan Hodgson, Vanessa Toews, Ashley Young, Ashley Hill, Lauren Little
Why are we talking about this?
As a group of women, our shared experience of school seemed to reside in female perspectives and feminism. For our health assignment, we wanted to present tools and perspectives on feminism and the female in the classroom.
While discussing this topic, we were sometimes unaware of how other people's ideas of "the ideal female" affected our views of ourselves.
This topic is important because we struggled to find resources that will foster healthy and positive female students. We saw a need to compile resources for our classrooms, and have tried to fill it.
Five young adult books that feature transgender individuals
Luna by Julie Anne Peters
I am J by Chris Beam
Parrotfish by Ellen Wittlinger
Beauty Queens by Libba Bray
Almost Perfect by Brian Katcher
Five young adult books that feature lesbian or gay individuals
Will Grayson, Will Grayson by John Green
Boy Meets Boy by David Levithan
Bermudez Triangle by Maureen Johnson
Keeping You A Secret by Julie Anne Peters
Openly Straight by Bill Konigsburg
Five young adult books for the feminist reader
Alanna: The First Adventure by Tamora Pierce
The Blue Sword by Robin McKinley
Queen of Hearts by Martha Brooks
The Book Theif by Markus Zusack
Speak by Laurie Hasle Anderson
Researchers in the field of physical education have argued that the high-modern marketing of images of the body in western society influences student’s views on the body, their participation in physical activity and development of physicality (Azzarito & Solmon, 2005).
Girlsʼ physicality remains constrained by the social construction of the female body, a body viewed in society as less conﬁdent, less skilled, powerless, slim, and small. Simply put, girlsʼ potential development of their bodies is limited by feminizing discourses such as “throwing like a girl" (Azzaito & Solmon, 2005).
The Problem With Thinspiration
Feminism in the Media
"As young women, we must define for ourselves who we are, not who society expects us to be. This is a responsibility that requires conscious decision and constant perseverance. Often times the roles that society expects up to fill are restricting. Our creativity is limited, our voices are hushed, and our expressions are ignored. Life is defined by the obstacles we face and the actions we take to overcome them. We can chose to take a passive role, to follow the footsteps of many before us, or we can make the active decision to forge our own path. The active choice is by no means an easy one, but I believe it is the only way to reach personal fulfillment. "
The History of Inequality
Incorporating Feminism Into Social Studies
In social studies, the focus is almost exclusively on strong male figures. The people we study and the sources we use are men, and written from a male perspective. In Social Studies, teachers need to find avenues to incorporate women into the curriculum and social spectrum ie, globalization, politics, and understandings of identity.
Looking at strong feminine figures in history:
Florence Nightingale 1820-1910: By serving in the Crimean war, Florence Nightingale was instrumental in changing the role and perception of the nursing profession. Her dedicated service won widespread admiration and led to a significant improvement in the treatment of wounded soldier
Susan B. Anthony 1820-1906: Campaigned against slavery and for the promotion of women’s and workers rights. She toured the US giving countless speeches on the subjects of human rights.
Rosa Parks 1913-2005: Rosa’s refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man indirectly led to some of the most significant civil rights legislation of American history.
Anne Frank 1929-1945: Anne Frank’s diary reveals the thoughts of a young, yet surprisingly mature 13-year-old girl, who spent two years hiding with her family during the Nazi occupation in the Netherlands.
Malala Yousafzai 1997: A Pakistani schoolgirl who defied threats of the Taliban to campaign for the right to education. She survived being shot in the head by the Taliban and has become a global advocate for women’s rights.
Lifestyles: Food and Activity
Physical Education = Being physically active and having fun
Inspiring Lifelong learners through physical activity
1. Physical education should provide girls and boys with experiences in a variety of physical activities (i.e., ﬁtness, sports, yoga, or outdoor practices), and help them construct meanings about the body that are not conﬁned to ideals of appearance, strength, or power, but that assist them in constructing positive, meaningful, empowering, and conﬁdent physicality’s.
2. Physical education practices constructed with a critical pedagogy are essential to creating safe and trans-formative spaces which allow females to re-construct positive self-concepts, or resist dominant discourses, and to express themselves freely as conﬁdent and healthy beings.
3. Critical open conversations should help young people understand that being physically active is not a matter of performing ideal feminine or masculine body shapes and sizes or muscularity to achieve happiness and ideals of success, but a means to feel empowered, positive, and healthy about the body and the self.
A List of Artists Dealing With: Body Image, Gender, Race, Relationships, LGBT, Feminism
Barbra Kruger - Photography and Printmaking
Shawna Dempsey & Lorri Millan - Performance Artists
Jenny Saville - Painter
Kiki Smith - Sculpture, Installation, Printmaking
Louise Bourgeois - Sculpture, Installation
Gorilla Girls - Performance & Art Activism
Shirin Neshat - Performance and Installation
Parastou Forouhar - Installation
Maria Poythress Epes - Fibre and Installation
Miranda July - Director & Installation Artist
Shary boyle - Sculpture, Installation & Performance
Chitra Ganesh - Painter
Huda Lufti - Installation Artist
Cindy Sherman - Performance Artist & Photographer
Lorna Simpson - Installation
Martha Graham - Dancer
Debby Allen - Dancer
Yoko Ono - Performance Artist
Wangechi Mutu - Painter
Ana Mendieta - Performance Artist
Catherine Opie - Photographer
Keith Haring - Painter & Sculptor
Frieda Khalo - Painter
Andy Warhol - Painter, Printmaker, Sculptor, Photographer
Michael Jean Basquiat - Painter
Marina Abramovic – Performance Artist - http://marinafilm.com/about-marina-abramovic
Orlan – Mixed Media & Performance Artist - http://www.orlan.eu/
Evan Penny – Sculptor - http://www.evanpenny.com/
Sally Mann – Photographer - http://sallymann.com/
Diego Gravinese – Painter - http://www.diegogravinese.com/site2/
Christian Hopkins – Conceptual Photographer – “Photography as a form of therapy for depression” http://blog.flickr.net/en/2013/11/08/young-photographer-photography-was-a-form-of-therapy-probably-saved-my-life/
Black LGBT Community – Black Artists http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hnmcq0sIO4w
California Arts LGBT Community http://calgbtartsalliance.com/
Lady Gaga - Most people don’t know that Lady Gaga is an artist. She is mostly adored by the LGBT community. She lived and studied in the New York underground scene at NYU and handmade most of her performance costumes. After her success she hired her own team of costume designers to help her create some iconic pieces with strong art influences. Such as ‘The Meat Dress”, which was originally done in 1987 by Canadian Artist Jana Sterbak. http://www.ladygaga.com/artrave-the-artpop-ball
Janelle Monae – Monáe, 26 always wears a somewhat androgynous outfit, what she calls her uniform: always a black jacket and pants, all her clothes are black or white and her hair is done up in a Fifties-style quiff. “When I started my musical career I was a maid, I used to clean houses. My parents—my mother was a proud janitor, my step-father who raised me like his very own worked at the post office and my father was a trash man. They all wore uniforms. And that’s why I stand here today in my black and white and I wear my uniform to honor them…This is a reminder that I have work to do, I have people to uplift, I have people to inspire,” http://colorlines.com/archives/2012/11/janelle_monae_talks_about_being_a_former_maid_and_why_she_still_wears_a_uniform.html
The Female and Art
Documentary in which feminist artist Tracey Emin talks about how Louise Bourgeois's artwork was an influential and founding female voice in the art world.
A video of a performance in which Yoko Ono sits passively and allows the audience to cut off her clothing. This piece deals with the ideas surrounding female ownership of identity and patriarchy.
A performance art piece in which Marina Abramovic subjects herself to a repetitive grooming task in order to present the absurdity of female beauty tropes.
In this video, Cindy Sherman talks about developing new characters and identities in order to explore her own identity while questioning archetypes and cultural stereotypes that already exist in society.