The Taxonomy of an Exotic Shorthair Cat
By: Elijah Cole
What is Taxonomy ?
"Taxonomy is the study of classifying organisms. There are 7 levels of taxonomy, each more specific than the last. These levels are called Taxon and they include Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
Each organism is named using a 2-part naming system: the genus and the species"
- Ms. Rowland
Taxonomy of an Exotic Shorthair Cat
Taxonomic Levels of an Exotic Shorthaired Cat:
Kingdom: Animalia- Animals are multicellular and eukaryotic. They're body develops as they get older. Some animals go through metamorphosis late in their lives. Most of them are motile, which means they're independent. They are also heterotrophs which means that they have to eat other organisms for survival.
Phylum: Chordata- "Organisms in this phylum have a spinal cord and vertebrate at some point during their life."
- Ms. Rowland
Class: Mammalia- Mammalia is the scientific name for mammals. In this case, most of the organisms in this class are 4 legged and have fur. They're brains regulate the body temperature and they're circulatory system. They also have a four-chambered heart.
Order: Carnivora- These are meat eating organisms. Most "cats" eat meat for nutrition, this organism just eats cat food though or sometimes kill small prey. Carnivorans have teeth, claws, and have poor color vision but a better sense of smell than humans. Domestic cats were believed to be tamed in ancient Egypt.
Family: Felidae- Felidae is the biological name for cats. Includes domestic and wildcats
Genus: Felis- This genus contains wildcats and domestic cats. Wildcats are distributed across Europe, southern and central Asia, and Africa. The domestic cat is distributed world wide.
Species: Felis Catus- These are often called housecats. Cats have strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Most just eat cat food though. Cats can hear sounds too low or too high for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats are social species. They also have a high breeding rate