This is a map of the island off the coast of southeast Africa. The North section of the island, which is rich in fertile soil, is separated from the rest by mountains.  The West had wide plains and fertile valleys.  The East has a narrow plain along the coast.  The South part is mostly desert and has a very hot and dry climate.  The central part of the island is the most populated area on the island.  It has highlands and some higher mountains that have been cleared of trees and the soil is worn away.  The highlands have cool temperatures and range from 48-81 degrees.  Most plants and animals on the island don't exist anywhere else in the world.  They have 20 different species of lemurs unique to the land.  


Madagascar is a poor country.  They earn most of their money from selling the crops they grow, like bananas, cassava, sweet potatoes, and rice. They're in debt $3.361 billion dollars.  They use the currency of ariary.  For tourism, it would really help everyone there because of the money they would be earning and it would give the tourists a chance to see a unique variety of plants and animals on the island.


Madagascar was a french colony before they gained independence in 1960.  Settlers on the island most commonly came from Indonesia and Malaysia.  The people there wear clothing like we would during the summer in the United States, like shorts, t-shirts, tank tops, dresses, sandals and tennis shoes.  Traditional clothing for women in the highlands would be a long white cotton wrap called a lamba.  A red lamba would be a symbol of authority.  Some men would wear long sleeve striped or plaid shirt reaching to the knees, worn with pants.


The government in Madagascar is a Republic.  A new president is elected or re-elected every 5 years.  Taxes there are very similar to taxes in the United States. The current president is a man named Hery Rajaonarimampianina. The people get to vote on the president, very similar to America.


Madagascar doesn't produce much technology.  They do a lot of farming because they have a lot of fertile soil all over, whether it be in plains of valleys.  They produce a lot of food and plants, like bananas, other fruits, sweet potatoes, rice, and they're the worlds leading producer of vanilla. They stay on the agricultural side of technology instead of electronics or machines.

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