By Gina Jeong

A ballad is a song-like poem that is kind of narrative. Ballad is a word after the 'ballares' or French dance songs, which was originally a dancing song. Ballet is also derived* from the 'ballares.' Ballads were printed in the 15th century in England. Ballad doesn't tell a reader what's happening, but describes the events that are taking place. It is usually constructed in quatrain stanzas, each line containing 3 or 4 stresses and second line and fourth line rhymes, or every alternating* lines.

Border Ballad by Sir Walter ScottMarch, march, Ettrick and Teviotdale,

Why the deil dinna ye march forward in order!
March, march, Eskdale and Liddesdale,
All the Blue Bonnets are bound for the Border.
Many a banner spread,
Flutters above your head,
Many a crest that is famous in story.
Mount and make ready then,
Sons of the mountain glen,
Fight for the Queen and our old Scottish glory.

Come from the hills where your hirsels are grazing,
Come from the glen of the buck and the roe;
Come to the crag where the beacon is blazing,
Come with the buckler, the lance*, and the bow.
Trumpets are sounding,
War-steeds are bounding,
Stand to your arms, then, and march in good order;
England shall many a day
Tell of the bloody fray*,
When the Blue Bonnets came over the Border.