Zimbabwe is an important cradle of the southern African civilization. The Shona, a group of Bantu, built the great civilization. The Great Zimbabwe was the biggest and the most important city in the kingdom of Zimbabwe.
The people were excellent builders, the city was surrounded by a stone wall. Their building expertise was so great, that historians believed that their building methods were influenced by Europeans. But in actually it was not, it was all African engineering. Which lead people believing that there not an superior culture, that everyone followed.
Artisans turned gold and cooper into beautiful jewelry and made iron tools for everyday use. Weaving cotton into cloth seems to have been an important craft.
Because Zimbabwe was built in the valley, great soil condition helped the development of agriculture. Tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, and corn are the main crops that people grew. People also raised the beef cattle. The country has rich mineral resources, including gold, copper, coal, chrome, nickel, and asbestos.
The advantages of location provided Zimbabwe people convenient transportation support. Zimbabwe was a part of trade network to Indian Ocean, therefore a lot of trades were going on.
Religion was a political center in the rise and development of Great Zimbabwe. Religion was a unifying force in government and reigning kings were believed to be god-like being with divine powers and knowledge. At Great Zimbabwe this point is clearly shown by the the location of a sacred place on the Hill Complex. Because of the the king was known to be divine this place was also his residency. The king would be surrounded by his followers and traditional doctors that would tell legends about his powers. Aside the worldly "divine being" the king the main God that the people worshiped was Mwari. He was the God was rain, agriculture and illness, and everything else. And to communicate with him was through a chosen person.
Compare with Nubia:
Nubia was a civilization which located in the valley of Nile river. The river provided adequate condition for agriculture. Zimbabwe located in a valley in southeast Africa too; rich soil helped development of agriculture.
The famous artwork of Nubia was pottery. the people in Nubia were really good at using plastic materials. Zimbabwe's art accomplishments were the architectures. The palace of Zimbabwe was very gorgeous; the sculptures which made by the engineer of Zimbabwe were famous too.
Religion: Both of Zimbabwe and Nubia worshiped multiple gods, but there was one main God named Mwari. He was the god of all natural things, that dealt with farming like rain, good soil etc. There were Christian churches in the Northeast Africa.