The 1930's

By Conor Cates

The 1930's involved many ups and downs through out from things such as mickey mouse first appearing to the devastating Stock Market Crash in which many were without jobs or money.

Strange Fruit By Billie Holiday

Billie Holiday's Strange Fruit was the top song in the 1930's. Billie Holiday is a female American jazz singer and song writer of the 1930's that was very successful. One critic one said that "She changed the art of American Pop vocals forever." Her song Strange Fruit about racism would become the top song later on.

Mood Indigo By Duke Ellington

Mood Indigo is another jazz song due to the popularity of jazz in the 1930's. Duke Ellington, a music composer, musician, and orchestra leader, wrote the song with the original title of Dreamy Blues and it was put on the radio. He received a lot of mail saying how much people loved on the radio so he added lyrics and re-named it Mood Indigo.

This is a man seeking a job in the midst of the Great Depression. He has his age, height, weight, and his experience posted. Many were without work during the Great Depression. This man was only one of many seeking work out of the numerous unemployed in America at the time.

This is a picture of the renown Empire State Building that was constructed in the 1930's. The Building is 103 stories tall and was the tallest building for 40 years. It was surpassed after the building of the twin towers but remains the tallest once again post 9/11. It has a total height of 1454 feet tall or 443.2 meters.

This picture is of the accused group of African Americans from the Scottsboro Trials. The trial involved the group being accused of raping white women. The group was falsely accused and all were executed except for the youngest which was only 12 years of age. The instance of the trial represents how bad the treatment of blacks were in the 1930's.

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The Stock Market Crash of the 1930's

The Stock Market Crash of the 1930's started on October 24th. 12,894,650 shares were recorded to have been sold in the panic. Most of the sold shares were in a worry of losing all of the money you used to buy the shares but nearly everyone suffered a great loss in money. Many also lost even more money because they toke loans for money to buy the shares in the first place. Bankers and some others attempted to buy large stocks to counter the plummet of shares but it was failed attempt. This was a great cause of the slump America sunk into known as the Great Depression. The cost of stocks had been decayed to a mere 20% of their original worth. By 1933 30% of all people in the workforce were unemployed. Nearly half of the banks in America were failing or had already failed as well. The economy would remain in a deprived state until 1939 when FDR came into to lessen the blow but soon started WWII as well. WWII would later revitalize America and the American Industry.

A newspaper headlines once the stock market crashed and America was in panic.

The Fury of Aerial Bombardment

You would think the fury of aerial bombardment
Would rouse God to relent; the infinite spaces
Are still silent. He looks on shock-pried faces.
History, even, does not know what is meant.

You would feel that after so many centuries
God would give man to repent; yet he can kill
As Cain could, but with multitudinous will,
No farther advanced than in his ancient furies

Was man made stupid to see his own stupidity?
Is God by definition indifferent, beyond us all?
Is the eternal truth man's fighting soul
Wherein the Beast ravens in its own avidity?

Of Van Wettering I speak, and Averill,
Names on a list, whose faces I do not recall
But they are gone to early death, who late in school
Distinguished the belt feed lever from the belt holding pawl.

This poem by Richard Eberhart is about the view of war as a pointless and dangerous object in the eyes of Eberhart. Eberhart served in WWII and was disgusted by the futility of war. This poem was published when Eberhart was at the age of 41 and it was a huge success. The poem showed how sick war was and implemented ideas of piece in everyone's head.

This painting by Thomas Hart Benton about the scene about painting a fence that was taken from Mark Twain's "The adventures of Tom Sawyer." This was a sketch by Benton that started his career as a cartoonist. Before, Benton had done more processional paintings but he had a period of only cartoon sketches. This painting depicting Tom Sawyer would be his first into his cartoon period working for the Joplin Museum.


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