Lipids (Fats)

What role does lipids play in our body? Certain lipids are important to our nutrition in our bodies. They are important because they give us certain vitamins such as A, D, E and K. Fats also cushion and protect our  vital organs and protects the body from extreme heat.

                                                                      Fats vs. Oils:

Fatty Acids:

Monounsaturated Fatty Acids: These are good fats. These fats are mostly found in a liquid or oil form. Monounsaturated fats are fats that tend to lower the "bad cholesterol." Some examples of these fats are avocados, peanut oil, and olive oil.

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: These are also good fats. These fats come from mostly plants and seeds. These fats tend to lower cholesterol. Some examples of polyunsaturated fats are staff flower, soybean, corn and cottonseeds.

Saturated Fatty Acids: These are bad fats. These fats come from meat and dairy products. These fats tend to raise cholesterol levels. Some examples of Saturated fats are butter, beef, pork, and chicken.

Other Fats and Terms:

Oxidation: This is a chemical process that causes unsaturated fat to spoil. Heat, light, salt, and moisture will speed up this reaction.

Cholesterol: This is a white waxy substance that helps the body carry out its many functions. Cholesterol is made in the liver and it helps make bile acids, vitamin D and hormones. Cholesterol is natural in the body and we don't need to eat food to get more cholesterol.

Trans Fatty Acids: Trans fatty acids is when you take a liquid fat and turn it into a solid. This is done through the process called hydrogenation. Hydrogenation alters fats and their physical properties and makes the fats stay fresh a lot longer. These fats are more harmful to the body and a persons health.

Good vs. Bad Fats:

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