By: Nic Fracassi and Chris Fracassi
What did they believe about God and the Bible?
They believed that the powers of good and evil were equal in power and that all material things were from evil.
What did they believe about creation?
It is gnositic because it promises salvation throught the attainment of special knowledge of spiritual truths. It is dualistic because it argues that the foundation of the universe is the oppostition of two principles, good and evil, each equal each other.
What did they believe about the human person?
Humanity, the world and the soul are seen as the byproduct of the battle between God's proxy, Primal Man, and Satan. The human person is seen as a battleground for these powers: the soul defines the person, but it is under the influence of both light and dark. This contention plays out over the world as well as the human body—neither the Earth nor the flesh were seen as intrinsically evil, but rather possessed portions of both light and dark. Natural phenomena (such as rain) were seen as the physical manifestation of this spiritual contention
How did their beliefs oppose Christianity?
Their beliefs opposed Christianity because true Christians do not believe that the powers of good and evil are equal. God is far greater and the human person is not considered a byproduct of the spiritual battle. The fact that they say that all material things are evil is way off the mark.
How could Theology of the Body be used to argue against them?
Theology of the Body can be used to argue against the ideas of Manichaeism because they think that the soul is painfully held captive in an evil body. Theology of the Body argues that the body itself is a pure and holy vessel for the soul. One can use the body to glorify God.
About. About.com, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://atheism.about.com/od/christianheresyheretics/p/Manichaeism.htm>.
Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, 25 Feb. 2014. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manichaeism>.
Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, 3 Jan. 2014. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Christian_heresies>.