Market Structures

Economic Models of competition among businesses in the same industry
Monopolistic Competition - Oligopoly - Monopoly

Monopolistic Competition

Example of Monopolistic Competition: Burger King and McDonald's burgers and fries.

Monopolistic Competition occurs when many sellers offer similar, but not standardized, products. Along with competition this concept needs Product Differentiation; Effort to distinguish a product from similar products


Example of Oligopoly:The computer market from Microsoft, Linux and Apple

Oligopoly is a market structure in which only a few sellers offer a similar product. Along with this concept there comes Market Share and Start-up costs; Market share is a company's percent of total sales in a market, Start-up costs are the expenses that a new business face when it enters a market. Start-up costs for a new company in a oligopolistic market can be extremely high


Example of Monopoly: Internet providers are a big geographical monopolistic market. Comcast, Time Warner Cable are both region locked and some people's only hope for internet and cable television

A Monopoly is a exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service. Characteristic of a Monopoly include a Unique Seller, Control for Prices, and a Restricted Market.

There are four different types of Monopoly's; Natural, Government, Technological, and Geographic. Natural Mon. occur when the costs of production are lowest with only one producer. Government Mon exist when the government either owns and runs the business or authorizes only one producer. Tech Monopoly occurs when a firm controls a manufacturing method, invention, or type of technology. And Geographic Monopoly exist when there are no other producers within a certain region.

the Good and the Bad

Monopoly - No competition and avoids duplication, but comes with a lower level of service and the consumers have to pay more with little to no consumer sovereignty

Oligopoly - Large firms have a strong hold in a market and high profits, but firms cannot take independent decisions and with little to no creative ideas or changes can be taken

Monopolistic Competition - High service quality and little to no cost for entry, but higher prices and it can be allocatively Inefficient compared to perfect competition.

Market Structure Comparison


Comment Stream

2 years ago

Great job! Really liked your visuals and content. Very well explained

2 years ago

Good organization and content as well as pictures. Nice job!

2 years ago

The visuals fit the text well, the sources could be a bit better however, but overall it was a great site!

2 years ago

Too short on some things (like describing the different types of monopoly), but graphics were good.