LEUKEMIA

Lindsey Zirkle and Amelia Edmondson

~ Leukemia :  A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's ability to fight        infection

~ Causes : In general, leukemia is thought to occur when some blood cells acquire mutations in their DNA — the instructions inside each cell that guide its action. Or other changes in the cells that have yet to be fully understood could contribute to leukemia.

Certain abnormalities cause the cell to grow and divide more rapidly and to continue living when normal cells would die. Over time, these abnormal cells can crowd out healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, leading to fewer healthy blood cells and causing the signs and symptoms of leukemia.

~ Symptoms : Leukemia symptoms vary, depending on the type of leukemia. Common leukemia signs and symptoms include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Persistent fatigue, weakness
  • Frequent or severe infections
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
  • Excessive sweating, especially at night
  • Bone pain or tenderness

~ Diagnostic tests : Doctors may find chronic leukemia in a routine blood test, before symptoms begin. If this happens, or if you have signs or symptoms that suggest leukemia, you may undergo the following diagnostic exams: physical exam, bone marrow tests, and/or blood tests.

~ Incidents : 20 - 200 thousand per year

~ Prevention : There is no known way to prevent most types of leukemia. Some types  may be prevented by avoiding high doses of radiation, exposure to the chemical benzene, smoking and other tobacco use, or certain types of chemotherapy used to treat other types of cancer.

~ Risk factors : previous cancer treatment, genetic disorders, certain blood disorders, radiation exposure, chemical exposure, smoking, and family history of leukemia

~ Current treatment options : Treatment for your leukemia depends on many factors. Your doctor determines your leukemia treatment options based on your age and overall health, the type of leukemia you have, and whether it has spread to other parts of your body. Common treatments include: chemotherapy, bilogical therapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and/or stem cell transplant

                                                          Works cited page

National Cancer Institute. "Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia/Other Myeloid Malignancies Treatment (PDQ®)." National Cancer Institute. National Institutes of Health, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Leukemia." Definition. Mayo Clinic, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

"Radiation Is Used to Treat Leukemia. However It Has Sever... by Jackson."Radiation Is Used to Treat Leukemia. However It Has Sever... Thinklink, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

Wikepedia. "Leukemia." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.

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