The Protestant Reformation
By: Amanda Colon & Asia DeShay
WHAT IMPACT DID THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION HAVE ON CATHOLICISM?
Martin Luther and the 95 Theses
Martin Luther was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and also was a German friar, and a Catholic Priest. Of the people involved in this reformation, many people converted to Catholicism because of him being a teacher of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther was also the professor of theology and Seminal Figure of the 16th Century movement in Christianity. This later because known as the Protestant Reformation.
In the early 16th Century Catholicism was the only religion in western Europe. The catholic church was very powerful, and represented most of Europe's culture. As this religion grew, a few men began to doubt the teaching of the Catholic church, this caused the greatest religious revolt known to man, the Protestant Reformation.
Indulgences became a huge part of the Catholic church, the Catholics would pay for the forgiveness of sins, in order to achieve extreme salvation. Martin Luther did not believe that this was morally right, so he began reading the Bible more in depth. In the bible he found that you can not have extreme salvation by paying for it, you have to have a relationship with the Lord.
Luther later composed a list of statements and questions that served as a guide to Catholicism, these became known as the 95 Theses. The first of the 95 Theses stated "Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said "Repent", He called for the entire life of believers to be one of repentance." Meaning that anyone who turns towards God in regret and for faith, will be saved.
Challenge to the Sale of Indulgences
Indulgences became a huge part of the Catholic Church. The people of the church would pay the catholic church in return for the forgiveness of sins. Although Martin Luther didn't feel this was right. He then studied the scripture of the Bible more in depth . He then protested that the only to have your sins forgiven was by having a relationship with the Lord not paying for it. Luther proclaimed that God was the only one who could save you from all of your sins and that all you needed was to have faith., and you would achieve eternal salvation
The Council of Trent (1545- 1563) was a council that tried to create a common belief and common practices among all Christians, this led to some issues within the church. This caused an increasing poverty and homeless rate because all the wealth belonged to a small group of elites. The Rise of the Jesuits converted many people to Catholicism.
Effects of the Revolution
Before the Reformation, the church was in control of the Emperors and Kings, and the church controlled all of the land and governed the people. This reformation converted many to Catholicism because of Martin Luther's 95 Theses.
Henry VIII and the Anglican Church
In the Catholic Church in order to be a Priest, Monk, or Nun, you have devote your whole life to the church, you may not have a spouse, and for everyone divorcing someone is considered to be a sin. Though Henry VIII did not like the rule about divorcing, so he created what is known today as the Anglican Church which was in Europe. Throughout his life he had a total of 6 wives and divorced 5 of them, so the creation of this church had a great impact on Henry VIII himself.
Critical Thinking Question
In what way was Catholicism appealing to the Protestants?
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