By- Berkley Fredrick
Waxing: A gradual increase in magnitude or extent.
Waning: A gradual decrease in magnitude or extent.
Gibbous: A moon that is more than half, but less than full.
Crescent: A shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends.
A waxing moon is the phase when more than half the moon is illuminated by sunlight and the illuminated portion of the moon is increasing. Occurs after the first quarter moon and before the full moon.
A waning moon is the phase when more than half the moon is illuminated by sunlight and the illuminated portion of the moon is decreasing. Occurs after the new moon and before the first quarter moon.
A lunar cycle is a metonic cycle and lasts about 27-29 days.
Nicolai Copernicus was the man that made the proposal that the center of our solar system was the sun, instead of what everyone else believed, earth.
We have seasons because of the way the earth spins and orbits the sun. Different parts of the earth have more sunlight at different times, which causes a difference in temperature and days, which gives us our four different seasons.
When winter is in play, the sun is closer, but not warmer because of the way the suns rays are distributive. They have to go through more atmosphere and are spread over a greater distance, making the temperature drop.
Lunar eclipses do not happen every month because the sun and the moon are not perfectly aligned.
We have day and night because earth rotates and different parts of earth are facing the sun/moon at different times.
Equinox: One of the two times a year when the sun crosses the equator and the length of day and night are basically equal.
Soltstice: One of the two times a year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator.
Alfred Wegener was the man that created the continental drift theory. His theory was that the continents actually drifted around the earth.
Convergent: tending to come together ; merging.
Divergent: differing ; deviating
Transform Boundaries: two tectonic plates that are right next to eachother.
The plate just off the coast of Washington is the Juan de Fuca Plate.
This plate has formed the Cascade Mountains by going against another plate pushing the land upwards forming the large mountain range.
Convection Current: The motion of heat from the earths core rising, cooling off, and sinking back to be re-heated.
Rift Zone: A system of related, narrow structural depressions between parallel faults.
Subduction Zone: the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture of two plates
Channeled Scablands were formed by erosion. They are flat and barren plains.
Cell: The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, typically microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Microscopic organisms typically consist of a single cell, which is either eukaryotic or prokaryotic.
Animal Cells do not have a membrane or chloroplasts,but Plant Cells do.
Muscle: A band or bundle of fibrous tissue in a human or animal body that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body.
Nerve: A whitish fiber or bundle of fibers that transmits impulses of sensation to the brain or spinal cord, and impulses from these to the muscles and organs.
Bone: Any of the pieces of hard, whitish tissue making up the skeleton in humans and other vertebrates.
Digestive System: Takes the food you eat and breaks it down for your body.
Circulatory: Responsible for distributing materials throughout the entire body. (Water, Oxygen, etc.)
Respiratory: Takes the oxygen you breathe and distributes it through your body, bloodstreams, etc.
This compares to a lot of other living organisms because it is set up the same way with a lot of the same things inside. It functions almost the exact same way as well.
Genotypes: Gg and GG
50% Green 50% Yellow
2 Outcomes (both)
Offspring from sexual reproduction rather than asexual are more likely to have more diverse characteristics because they have two different parents rather than them being the same.
a change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to live in a particular place or situation
the process by which changes in plants and animals happen over time
a class of individuals having some common characteristics or qualities; distinct sort or kind.
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring
pertaining or according to genetics.
reproduction involving the fusion of a male and female haploid gamete.
reproduction, as budding, fission, or spore formation, not involving the union of gametes.
Marine Ecosystem: Marine ecosystems are the biggest ecosystems, which cover around 71% of Earth's surface and contain 97% of out planet's water.
Mountain Ecosystem: Mountain land provides a scattered and diverse array of habitats where a large number of animals and plants can be found.
Grassland Ecosystem: Grasslands are located in both the tropical and temperate regions of the world though the ecosystems vary slightly. The area mainly comprises grasses with a little number of trees and shrubs.
Desert Ecosystem: Desert ecosystems are located in regions that receive an annual rainfall less than 25. They occupy about 17 percent of all the land on our planet. Due to the extremely high temperature, low water availability and intense sunlight, fauna and flora are scarce and poorly developed.
Aquatic Ecosystems:The aquatic ecosystem is the ecosystem found in a body of water.
Worms are an example of decomposers, they break down dead or decaying organisms.
Dolphins are an example of ecosystem users, for they use the ecosystem to communicate with others and find food.
A producer, such as a plant, is an organism that provides something to other organisms.
A food chain is the chain from a food source to the ultimateconsumer.
Biotic is pertaining to life.
An Abiotic is characterized by the absence of life or livingorganisms.
An Adaptation is any alteration in the structure or function of anorganism or any of its parts that results fromnatural selection and by which the organismbecomes better fitted to survive and multiply inits environment.
Biotic factors would be the aquatic plants and animals that live there. (fish,frogs,birds,etc.)
Abiotic factors could be the weather that created the wetlands and how the plants act as shelters for the biotic creatures there.
Energy enters the ecosystem through the sun.
What each animal is consumed by or what it consumes and how it forms a cycle.
If an animal were to become extinct in a food chain it may cause others to as well because their food source would be gone, but theres a chance the animals that it affects could make adaptations.
Wetlands positively affect water because the plants in the water help purify it.
Wetlands offer flood protection because the land they are on is made for that and if there were flood issues the wetlands could help take care of it.
Wetlands hold the soil in place so erosion doesnt take place.
Wetlands provide habitat by giving fish in the water shelter and the animals that live near a food source.
Other benefits wetlands offer are their ability to purify water, they provide habitats for many animals, and they protect us from floods.
With every choice you make in your own life, you affect the people and world around you. Tobacco, Drug and Alcohol use, amount of excersize, quality of air and also kinds of food affect your body and the environment.
Smoking, a common use of tobacco, not only ruins your lungs and creates a greater risk of cancer, but it also pollutes the air. The amount of female smokers has increased by 42% for women and 25% for men. A cigarette contains a little more than 4,000 harsh chemicals. With each cigarette you are not only putting those chemicals into yourself, but into the air. Cigarettes damage both people and the things around them.
What people eat, and how much people eat has a major impact on the environment. The people who choose to eat poorly and get little to no exercise do have negative affects on our environment. Because most everyone thinks we have such an abundance of food, people get careless and waste mind blowing amounts of food. In 2010 we wasted 33 million TONS of food!
Since we also use trucks to transport lots of our food, the air is being polluted more and more.
Plenty of people drink alcohol and it can have short/long term affects on everyone. Alcohol is advertised almost everywhere and for many people they can't get away from it. Alcohol is damaging to your liver and can also cause major depression. It has damaging affects on the body and environment, such as drinking and driving. Most every accident caused by alcohol is fatal. Bars and restaurants are forced to keep certain drink amounts, but many people can get their hands on more than they need and many suffer from it.