Civil Rights Movement 1954-1968
1. Montgomery, Alabama 1954-1956
a. Beginning with Rosa Park's refusal to move to the back of the bus, as African Americans were expected to do in this time, a boycott of the bus system was set up to protest racial segregation.
b. Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy
c. This civil rights movement, referred to as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, was an important event because it led to the federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, which deemed segregation in the bus systems in Alabama unconstitutional. It also raised awareness on the matter of segregation and got Martin Luther King Jr. involved in the movement.
2. Topeka, Kansas 1954
a. Brown v. Board of Education was a Supreme Court which resulted in segregated schools being deemed unconstitutional. It was ruled that segregated schools were inherently unequal, with "black schools" being given the disadvantage.
b. Oliver Brown, Justice William Douglas, Kenneth B. Clark
c. The spotlight has now been pointed on segregation and it's unequal, unfair tendencies towards African Americans.
3. Little Rock, Arkansas 1957
a. In Little Rock took place the first act of desegregation in school. At Central High school, nine African American students were met by a mob of angry white people, against the idea of segregation.
b. the 9 students, Little Rock Police, 1,000 angry racists, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Governor Orval Faubus
c. This event was very significant to the movement because it featured actions taken by the President in favor of desegregation, which brought a lot of attention to the cause.
4. Greensboro, North Carolina 1960
a. A group of Civil Rights activists performed sit-ins, a form of non-violent protest, in segregated stores.
b. Samuel Wilbert Tucker, students from Bennet College
5. Albany, New York 1961
6. Oxford, Mississippi 1962
7. Birmingham, Alabama 1963
8. Washington D.C 1963
a. At in Washington D.C., Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.
9. Jackson, Mississippi 1963
10. Philadelphia, Mississippi 1964
11. Selma, Alabama 1965
12. Memphis, Tennessee 1968
a. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated as he was standing on the balcony of his motel room.