Southeast Asian Kingdoms

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The Khmer Empire rose to power in 802 and lasted until 1431. Their capital was Angkor and it there were a lot of temple complexes built, the most famous being Angkor Wat, which still has ruins today. Angkor Wat was the largest religious complex at the time and it was 200 hectares which is 2,000,000 square meters. It also rose 200 feet and may have been used as an astronomical observatory. It got taken by the Thai Kingdom of Ayutthaya when it overtook Angkor.

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Powerful Kingdoms developed on the islands of Southeast Asia. The Sailendra lasted from 750-850. The people in that Kingdom relied on agriculture and trade. They left behind the famous Buddhist temple at Borobudur. It was like the Angkor Wat as it reflects strong Indian Influence. It also had nine terraced levels. The Sailendra then fell to the mighty empire of Srivijaya, which ruled from the 7th to the 13th centuries. The people in Srivijaya established Buddhism and Hinduism, as well as having their capital at Palembang on Sumatria. In 1025, the empire was weakened after an Indian Kingdom attacked, and so other empires grew and got power and they were no longer in control of trade. A Muslim Kingdom came to dominate trade which was located on the Malay Peninsula. Muslim started to spread after they got control of trade routes.

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The kingdom of Dai Viet was established in 939 after the Vietnamese finnaly got independence from China. In the late 1200's the Mongols invaded, but the Vietnamese defeated them and continued to be independent. A series of other Kingdoms were established such as the Ly, Tran, Ho, Le, and Tay Son.

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The Awanda temple was a Buddhist Temple built in the 1100's during the reign of King Kyanzittha.

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