Stuttgart, Germany The 7 Elements of Climate
By Lauren Brookins
Above is the the 'New Castle' on Schlossplatz, built between 1746 and 1807
Over View Climate: Stuttgart, Germany is at 48°46'N, 9°10'E, 315 m (1033 ft). See map. Stuttgart has a marine west coast climate that is with mild, warm summers. Heavy precipitation occurs during mild winters which are dominated by mid-latitude cyclones. Seasonality is moderate. Stuttgart is situated in or near the cool temperate moist forest.
Latitude: The distance between Stuttgart, Germany and Matad, Mongolia is approximately 7,214 km or 4,483 miles.To reach Stuttgart in this distance one would set out from Matad bearing 315.7° or NW and follow the great circles arc to approach Stuttgart bearing 226.1° or SW.Stuttgart has a marine west coast climate, whereas Matad has a mid-latitude cool climate. Stuttgart is in or near the cool temperate moist forest biome whereas Matad is in or near the boreal dry scrub biome. The annual mean temperature is 8.9 °C (16.1°F) warmer.Average monthly temperatures vary by 22.3 °C (40.1°F) less in Stuttgart. Both of these cities are directly across from one another.
Temperature: The average annual temperature is 9.6 degrees Celsius (49.3 degrees Fahrenheit). Average monthly temperatures vary by 19 °C (34.2°F). In the winter time records indicate temperatures by day reach 4°C (39.2°F) on average falling to -2.3°C (27.8°F) overnight.In spring time temperatures climb reaching 14.3°C (57.8°F) generally in the afternoon with overnight lows of 4.7°C (40.4°F).During summer average high temperatures are 23.3°C (74°F) and average low temperatures are 13°C (55.4°F).Come autumn/ fall temperatures decrease achieving average highs of 14°C (57.2°F) during the day and lows of 6°C (42.8°F) generally shortly after sunrise.
Elevation: The exact elevation of Stuttgart differs depending on location, but is around 315 m (1033 ft). The highest point in Stuttgart is Mt. Birkenkopf, that is 511 m (1676 ft). There are many mountains in Stuttgart, this high elevation causes the temperatures to be lower than in the surrounding cities. On the mountains the temperatures are much higher than when you are on the less elevated parts of Stuttgart.
Precipitation: Stuttgart is subjected to on balance 689 mm (27.1 in) of rainfall per year, or 57.4 mm (2.3 in) per month.On average there are 169 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 14.1 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. per month.The driest weather is in March when an average of 37 mm (1.5 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs.The wettest weather is in June when an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs.
Topography: Stuttgart's climate, which is mild and has little wind, is mostly influenced by its sheltered position in the Neckar basin (besides other climate-influencing components). The city is shielded by the Black Forest in the West, the Swabian Alb in the South, the Schurwald in the East and the Stromberg and Heuchelberg region in the Northwest. Stuttgart's variety of landscapes reflects the geological conditions: the arable land in the North, the rolling Keuperberg region in the South and the Filder plains further south. The Neckar valley divides the region from South to North and marks a clear cut in the landscape arrangement. Due to the variety in topographic structures, Stuttgart's territory has altitude differences of more than 300 m.
Bodies of Water: Stuttgart is not on the coats, and there are no large bodies of water other than the river Neckar. The area around this river is always warmer than the land farther away from this river. The area nearest to Neckar is always more humid than the areas not near the river. This river will flood often in the summer, so some of the houses near the river are on small stilts. There are many small ponds located all around Stuttgart, but almost all of them are man made.
Ocean Currents: Stuttgart is located very far away from the coast, many, many miles are between Stuttgart and the coast of Germany. The ocean currents therefore do not affect Stuttgart as much as cites closer to the coast. But the closer you get to the coast, even if you are still in the city, that side of the city will be warmer. It is also slighty more humid if you are on the side of the city closest to the coast.