Figurative Language

Metaphors - Describe one thing as if it were something else.
Personification - Gives human qualities to something nonhuman.
Simile - Uses like or as to compare two unlike things.

Sound Devices

Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.
Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different consonant sounds.
Consonance - The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds.
Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds.
Repetition - The repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase.
Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
Rhythm - The pattern of strong and weak beats.

Structure of Poetry

Lines - Help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many individual parts.
Meter - The rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Stanza - The arrangement of groups of lines to create an appearance on the page or to organize thoughts.
Rhyme Scheme - The pattern of rhyme in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

Ballads - Song-like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy, or romance.
Concrete Poem - The words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem. Concrete poems often have a lighthearted or humorous tone. Their structure is loose, without regular meter, though they may rhyme.
Elegies - Formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes.
Epics - Long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero.
Free Verse Poetry - Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, no intentional rhyme, no fixed line length, and no specific stanza pattern.
Haikus - Short, unrhymed poems, often about nature.
Limericks - Humorous five-line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern and an aabba rhyme scheme.
Lyric Poem - Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in very musical verse.
Narrative Poetry - Tells a story in verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story, such as setting, plot, and characters.
Odes - Poems with a formal tone, written for a single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea.
Sonnets - Fourteen-line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme.

Terms within Anthology

Abundance - An extremely plentiful or over sufficient quantity or supply
Astonishing - Extremely surprising or impressive; amazing
Battered- Injured by repeated blows or punishment
Beguile - Charm or enchant (someone), sometimes in a deceptive way.
Bliss - Perfect happiness; great joy.
Conjectured - Form an opinion or supposition about (something) on the basis of incomplete information.
Dismantle - Take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
Drearier - Dull, bleak, and lifeless; depressing.
Dull - Lacking brightness, vividness, or sheen.
Genuine - Truly what something is said to be; authentic.
Ingratitude - A discreditable lack of gratitude.
Prevail - Prove more powerful than opposing forces; be victorious.
Relentless - Oppressively constant; incessant.
Strove - Make great efforts to achieve or obtain something. (Past tense)
Ventured - Dare to do something or go somewhere that may be dangerous or unpleasant.