Mexico

INtroduction

Capital: Mexico City

Major Language: Spanish

Location(continent): North America

Population: 119,713,203

Average Life Expectancy: 77.14 years

Geography

Top 3 Major Cities: Mexico City, Iztapalapa, and Ecatepec de Morelos

Top 3 Major Bodies of Water: Pacific Ocean, Gulf of California and the Gulf of Mexico.

Major Architectural or Geographical Landmarks: Alcapulco, Chichen Itza, and Teotihuacan Pyramids in the Valley of Mexico

Climate

Average Yearly Rainfall: 2,041mm

Average Temperature: high 60's to low 70's

Culture

Type of Government: Federal republic

Top 3 Holidays: Day of the Dead, Lent and Easter, and Dia de la Raza

Major sports: (Traditional sports) Charrería and Bullfighting

(Regular Sports) Association football and Baseball

Popular Music:

"The music of Mexico is very diverse and features a wide range of musical genres and performance styles. It has been influenced by a variety of cultures, most notably indigenous peoples of Mexico and European, since the Late Middle Ages." (From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Mexico)

Interesting Facts

  • "The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States).d
  • A Mexican tamale called the zacahuil is three feet long and weighs about 150 pounds.c
  • Mexico introduced chocolate, corn, and chilies to the world.f
  • Mexico is home to a very rare rabbit called the volcano rabbit which lives near Mexican volcanoes.c
  • The largest wildcat in North America is the jaguar, which can be found in Mexico's southern jungles"

(From: http://facts.randomhistory.com/2008/11/25_mexico.html)

Story Behind the Flag

"...The Flag of the Estados Unidos de Mexico ( that’s right; United States of Mexico) wasn’t established officially in its form until 1821, it depicts a story of Mexico culture from the ancient peoples known as the Aztecs.

Supposedly in 1325 long before most of North America was “discovered” the Aztecs were populating the area known as Mexico today with a relatively great civilization.

The story goes that the Aztecs received a vision or a sign from “Huitzilopochtli” through one of their many “gods” that told them they would know where to build their central city or “zocólalo”, the empire of
Tenochtitlan” ("Place of the Prickly Pear Cactus") when they saw what is today depicted on the Mexican Flag..

They were told that when they saw a [Mexican] Eagle perched on a Nopal cactus with a serpent (rattle snake) in its talon, located on an island, this is where they should begin to build their permanent city. They supposedly did encounter this on an island in the middle of a lake (Lake Anáhuac) now known today as México City. See Mexico map.

The only problem with building there was there was not much dry land so the Aztecs created balsas or basically rafts made of reeds and soil where they would live and grow their foods. Eventually through the many years they used and diverted the water making more and more “land” to live on.

This is where Mexico City currently stands today. This is also why through the many years that as the Aztecs and eventually the Spaniards and now Mexicans developed Mexico City, it is sinking into the earth.

It is said that under Mexico City today are many levels of civilizations. For example many of the Catholic cathedrals created by the Spaniards are actually on top of invisible pyramids that were built by the Aztec people.

The green-white-red tricolor was first seen in 1821 and was know as the “Sierra”. The name was given to it by the Indians of the sierra of Veracruz and Puebla.

It was not officially adopted by Mexico until April 14th, 1823. As for the colors there seems to be some disaccord." (From: http://www.bajainsider.com/baja-life/general-information/mexico-flag.htm#.VGuxw7E6dJA)

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