Holocaust

By: Kristie & Aviyona

What was the Holocaust

Summary:

The Holocaust was an event that occurred in the 20th century history. The Jews were separated from their communities and were persecuted. They were treated as less than human beings, sent to concentration camps and murdered. The Nazis wanted to murder the entire Jewish population and destroy their culture. This was all controlled by Adolf Hitler.

Genocide means the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.

The Build-Up

The Nuremburg Laws were anti-Jewish statues were acted out by Germany on September 15, 1935. This marked a major step in clarifying racial policy and removing Jewish influences from the Aryan society.

Discrimination against Jews prior to Holocaust

- Jewish immigrants were denaturalized

- Native Jews were precluded from citizenship

- Jews were forbidden to live in marriage or to have extramarital relations with persons of German blood

- Jews were denied the right to vote and to hold public office or civil service positions

Kristallnacht

Also known as The Night of the Broken Glass. On the night of November 9, 1938 about 200 synagogues were destroyed. Over 8,000 Jewish shops were looted and tens of thousands of Jews were taken to concentration camps.

Labor Camps

Most known and locations

- Auschwitz-Birkenau in Poland

- Belzee in Poland

-Bergen-Belsen in Germany

-Buchenwald in Germany

-Chelmno in Poland

-Dachau in Germany

-Dora-Mittelbau in Germany

Conditions of labor camps

-The people were called prisoners and they worked in wooden or brick built barracks. The barracks were built to hold only 40 prisoners but very often more than 700 would be placed in each of them. They were very over capacitated. The prisoners slept in 60 spaces with 3 bunks in each space. They slept on straw that was spread over their wooden bunks. The barracks had earth floors and very few sanitary facilities. The barracks had no windows, only rows of skylights at the top.

Types of work performed at the labor camps

-Most prisoners worked outside in one of the many factories, construction projects, and in farms or coal mines.

Methods of Mass Murder

Methods of murder

- The Nazis began by using mass shootings, then using gassing trucks. End the end they were using concentration camps where the Zyklon B gad was also used. Also gas chambers.

Scientific Experiments

- Freezing/ Hypothermia- the main two methods used to freeze the victim were to put the person in an icy-vat of water or to put them outside naked in sub-zero temperatures.

- Sun Lamp- the victim was placed under sun lamps which were so hot that they burned the skin.

- Interrogation and Torture- the frozen victim would have water heated to a near blistering temperature forcefully irrigated into the stomach, bladder and intestines.

- Hot Bath- the victim was placed in warm water and the temperature was slowly increased. The victims died do to shock if they were warmed to quickly.  

Death Tolls

-Between 5-6 million Jews

-More than 3 million Soviet prisoners of war

-More than 2 million Polish civilians

-More than 1 million Yugoslav civilians

-More than 200,000 gipsies

Related Genocide

The Armenia genocide was related to the Holocaust because it to was the killing of a lot of people. Armenia began in 1915. The ethnic Armenians that lived in the Ottoman Empire were rounded up, deported, and executed on orders of the government. The combination of massacres, forced deportation, and death due to concentration camps is estimated to have killed more than 1 million ethnic Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks between 1915 and 1923.

 

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