The Military Prisons of Andersonville were very harsh. The life there was rough and very very crowded. It was the last military prison for the confederates. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 union soldiers were held in it. Today, Andersonville National Historic Site is a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the Nation's history.
Life on the camps was brutal for the union soldiers. Nearly 13,000 died in the camps. It rained for 22 days during the month of June 1864. Prisoner Warren Goss remembered, " it was miserably wet, dirty, and disagreeable with unpleasant odors. Neither could one get used to, or be able to blunt the senses to, the existence of so much misery".
The cemetery site serving Camp Sumter was established as Andersonville National Cemetery on July 26, 1865. The cemetery and associated prison site became a unit of the National Park System in 1970. Clara Barton accompanied the army expedition which established the National cemetery at Andersonville. She raised the Stars and Stripes over the cemetery for the first time on August 17, 1865.