Civil Rights Map
Brown vs. Board of Education
The Brown v.s Board of Education
A.) The Brown v.s Board of education ended legal segregation in public schools. It gave everyone equal rights.
B.) Ordinary people made this change. They were people like teachers, secretaries, welders, ministers and students who all had the dream to be treated equally.
C.) African Americans in the southern states were treated unequal such as segregation and many forms of oppression during the Civil Rights Movement. The Board of Education helped end segregation.
Boycott of segregated bus system
A.) Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus for a white man and as a result she was arrested and fined.
B.) Rosa Parks, U.S. Supreme court, Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers.
C.) This ended up demanding the hiring of black drivers, and a first come, first seated policy. The city was losing money because there was no income from the bus fare.
Murder of Martin Luther King Jr.
A.) Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Civil Rights leader who was assassinated at the age of 39. He was pronounced dead at the hospital.
B.) Martin Luther King Jr., James Earl Ray ( the man who shot him), followers and the people rioting afterwards.
C.) Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the entire Civil Rights Movement. His death brought equality among
March for voting rights in Montgomery
A.) African American men and women were shown on television being beaten with clubs in a big cloud of tear gas because they were trying to march harmlessly through the small town of Selma, Alabama, to Montgomery. They were protesting a brutal murder and the denial of their constitutional rights to vote around 600 people were attacked.
B.) Martin Luther King Jr., State troopers, African American men and women, followers and authorities were also involved.
C.) President Johnson signed the voting rights act in 1965. This march gave the followers a new boost of motivation. It ended up making the people want to join Martin Luther King to fight for their equal rights.
Integration of Central High School
A.) Nine black students enrolled at an all white school in Little Rock Arkansas. The U.S. Supreme Court declared that segregation in public schools in unconstitutional.
B.) Little Rock nine, U.S. Supreme Court, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the federal agents who escorted them.
C.) Little Rock Citizens voted 19,470 to 7,561 against integration and the schools remained closed. It made people realized and accept the reality. They were determined to prove that they were worth having equal rights.
Integration of the University of Mississippi
A.) James Meredith tried to enroll at the University of Mississippi. He was an African American student in a white school. Chaos broke out with riots ending with two people dead and hundreds wounded and arrested.
B.) James Meredith, Floyd McKissick, National Guardsmen, and Supreme Court and the federal agents.
C.) James Meredith made a protest march which he called "March Against Fear". While marching he was shot by a sniper. This ended up leading to a non-segregation university.
Murder of NAACP leader Medgar Evers
A.) Medgar Evers was an African American man that was fighting in the army, Evers and five of his close friends were held at gunpoint and forced away from voting in a local election. He was murdered by De La Beckwith.
B.) Medgar Evers and Bryon were the only ones involved with this case.
C.) Medgar Evers became very involved with the Civil Rights Movement. Evers is shot to death just outside his home by a white man who was against the movement. This resulted in many inspiring events in the Civil Rights Movement.
March on Washington; "I have a dream."
A.) More than 200,000 Americans came to Washington D.C. for a political rally. It was known as the March on Washington. It happened for many reasons such as Civil Rights, jobs and freedom. Around 250,000 people attended and Martin Luther King Jr's. speech.
B.) Followers, Civil Rights Activists and Martin Luther King Jr.
C.) The march turned out to be a success and more than 200,000 black and white Americans shared the day which was filled with speeches, songs, and prayers. It opened up the entire world to the issue of segregation. It was a very memorable speech and it went on to push many activists towards victory.
Black students and Civil Rights workers sit in the white section of the bus
A.) African Americans and white Civil Rights activist took a series of bus trips through the American south to protest segregation and the this the "Freedom Rides."
B.) U.S. Civil Rights group, black college students and authorities.
C.) The Interstate Commerce Commission issued regulations nationwide that prohibited segregation on buses and in train stations. This helped people begin to acknowledge that fact that racial inequality needs to stop.
Campaign to desegregation city; four girls killed in bombing of church
A.) The bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism, four members of the KKK planted a minimum of 15 sticks of dynamite beneath the front steps of the church.
B.) Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Carol Denise McNair. (the girls who were killed.) also the Ku Klux Klan.
C.) The 16th street baptist church bombing was marked as the turning point in the United States 1960's Civil Rights Movement.
First Lunch-Counter sit-in
A.) It was a non-violent protest by young African American students at a segregated woolworths lunch sit in movement.
B.) Geneva Tisdale, Susie Morrison, Anetha Jones and Charles Best and authorities.
C.) Greensboro Woolworths interrogated its lunch counter. Four black woolworths employees Geneva, Susie, Anetha and Charles were the first to be served. This stopped racial inequality in the south.
Murder of three Civil Rights Workers
A.) Three Civil Rights Workers were murdered. They were abducted and shot at close range and they were killed by the members of the KKK.
B.) James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner and the Ku Klux Klan.
C.) There was an outrage over the activists and the Murders helped gain passage of the Civil Rights Act. This sparked a federal investigation, it was a national outrage.