Figurative Language:

Metaphors describe one thing as if it were something else.

Personification gives human qualities to something else.

Similes use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things

A symbol is anything that represents something else.

Sound Devices:

Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.

Repetition is the use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.

Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.

Consonance is the repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.

Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds.

Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.

Meter is the rhythmical

Forms of Poetry:

Narrative poetry tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.

Haiku is a three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have five syllables and the second line has seven.

Free Verse poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed length, or specific stanza pattern.

Lyric poetry expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker often in highly musical verse.

Ballads are songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on a a page.

Limericks are humorous rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.

Rhyming Couplets are pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.