Forestry In The Great Lakes-St.Lawrence Lowlands

The Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands have  unique conditions that allow certain vegetation to exist. An abundance of maple trees are located in this region due to this areas own characteristics. The Canadian government should look into investing in the this region for forestry, in specific for the extraction of maple syrup. This will create a wide range of benefits for the Canadian government. Investment into forestry in this region will help the growth of our economy by creating jobs. Furthermore, devoting to this project could also generate tourist attractions in the means of people learning about the process of extracting and producing maple syrup. This is the ideal location for financing such a  business because of the physical features it has to offer.

Soil and Vegetation

The red maple and sugar maple trees are known for producing large amounts of sap. Both of these trees are found in large populations in the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands. Well, why is this? The answer is simple, this vegetation has the impeccable soil to maintain these trees. The soil in the lowlands is very rich and moist. The soil has grasped these attributes from many years ago when the Champlain Sea used to exist in this region. Also, the vegetation has numerous plants meaning the humus layer of the soil is filled with organic material. Going more in-depth in this region's humus, their are also many deciduous trees. Deciduous trees have regular shedding which furthermore contributes to the amount of organic material this region has. The soils attributes meets the needs for red and sugar maple trees to grow. This is because these trees need rich and moist soil which this land offers.This study was conducted by the Ontario government in which they found red and sugar maple trees were mainly found in Southern Ontario because of its soil.


The Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowland offers ideal soil for growing maple trees. However, the climate is another factor that contributes to the regions perfect conditions for maple trees to live. This region has vast amounts of rain which are perfect for maple trees. This is because large bodies of water surround the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowland. This is called near water which is a climate control. In conjunction, convectional precipitation furthers the amount of rain the region receives. Convectional precipitation occurs in the summer. In order for this process to take place, a region needs moist soil and a hot climate, which the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands have. The sun's heat causes the soils water to evaporate. Then, as the water particles rise they cool and condense. This process is also very similar to transpiration, however the difference is that transpiration includes evaporation of water particles off plants. The last factor that enriches the amount of rain this area receives is frontal/cyclonic precipitation. Frontal/Cyclonic precipitation is when cool and dry air collides with warm and wet air. As the cool and warm air begin to collide, the warm air rises and the cool air goes down. When the warm air rises it cools and condenses. This process occurs in the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands since cool air comes from the west because of relief precipitation and warm moist air comes from the east. The air from the east is moist because it accumulates water particles as it passes by bodies of water. Frontal/cyclonic precipitation mainly occurs in the summer because for the air to be warm from the east, the water needs to be warm. This is because the air gains its temperature from passing over bodies of water, similar to how it becomes moist. Maple trees can grow in an array of temperatures. However, maple trees produce more sap in colder climates. With this in mind, why not invest in northern Canada. Even though the temperatures are colder, it does not have the other preferable conditions such as fertile and moist soil. The Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands climate is still cold enough for maple trees for one reason, which is cold winds. Environment Canada has stated that winds coming from the north have a persistence of reaching southern Ontario. This is why Southern Ontario has yet so harsh winters and hot summers. The hot climate in the summer can easily be explained because of the regions latitude which receives direct sunlight from the sun. Despite the fact that maple trees produce large amounts of sap in the winter, it does not change the fact that they still grow in the summer. With the trees being able to grow in  all the different climates of  the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands, it increases the amount of sap in trees because the larger the trees, the more sap the trees contain.

The map above of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands shows how it is surrounded by bodies of water which gives it the persistence of rain fall in the region that helps in maintaining the correct conditions needed to sustain substantial populations of maple trees.

Risk of Nautral Disasters

Many natural disasters are ruled out from posing a threat to the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands. This is because this region does not have the correct conditions to create or maintain such a disaster and the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands are located in an ideal location for a natural disaster not to impact the region. Hurricanes are very uncommon in this area. Hurricanes form around the Gulf of Mexico. Hurricanes are used to spread heat. By the time a hurricane reached the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands, its power dies and usually turns into a tropical storms. Tropical storms have no severe effects and will definitely not have a major impact on maple trees.  High winds from a tropical storm could bring down a small maple trees, however premature maple trees contain none to very little sap. Tornado's also have no negative impact on maple trees. Although, tornadoes still do occur in Ontario and Quebec. The Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands are a very dense region. With this in mind, open land is needed for them to form so a threat from tornado's are ruled out. Tsunamis are known for taking down anything in its path, maple trees will not be one of them. Earth quakes are created when plate tectonics collide. From this collision tsunamis are born. From the relative location of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands and fault lines, this region  will have no severe impact from both tsunamis and earthquakes. The location of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands disposes of any catastrophic threats a natural disaster may produce.

This map shows the location of North and south America. Knowing that hurricanes generate around the Gulf of Mexico, we can tell by the time a hurricane reaches Ontario, it will not have enough power to severely impact it. Looking at Ontario's location, we can also see it is away from the ocean, thus eliminating any negative impacts from tsunamis.  

Influence of Climate Change

Climate change has been recently effecting today's world. We've seen unusual hot summers and harsh cold winters that have been present in many parts of the world. In the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands winters have been starting to become colder. However, many environmental studies in Ontario have proved that even though winter has been becoming more unrelenting, the duration of winter is going to eventually decrease. Many people see this is a upside so that they won't have to stand by the intolerable weather for as long anymore, other people see this as a deficit. The forestry industry can be heavily impacted. This is because a majority of sap production occurs in cold weather. With winter's duration declining, the production of sap will be doing the same. This slump will further impact consumers. This is because with the weakness in the production of sap, the more sacrifice the product will be, making it more valuable. The influence of climate change will put a dent into the forestry industry. Be that as it may, the changes to the climate in the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowlands will not effect  forestry in the near future, but over a span of time since climate change is not a one day process.

This video shows the production of maple syrup in Quebec. Parts of Quebec are part of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence river lowlands. This area where the maple syrup is produced is as well part of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence river lowlands. This is the area from which most of the worlds maple syrup is produced. Thus proving that the Great lakes-St.Lawrence lowland are an excellent region for extracting sap.

Maple Syrup in the Great lakes-St.Lawrence river lowlands

The maple syrup industry is highly profitable. However, to start such a project you need the correct conditions to grow maple trees. The physical attributes of the Great lakes-St.Lawrence river lowlands are ideal for maintain this industry. The Canadian government needs to look into investing into maple syrup projects in the Great lakes-St.Lawrence river lowlands since the climate and soil conditions are those that are preferable for maple trees. The outcome from investment into this region will result in jobs being created which will benefit the economy.

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