Zero Conditional

STRUCTURE

If + Present Simple + Present Simple

EXAMPLES

  1. If people eat too much, they get fat.
  2. If you touch a fire, you get burned.
  3. If babies are hungry, they cry
  4. If you exercise, you do not gain weight.
  5. If I go to bed late, I wake up late.

First Conditional

STRUCTURE

If + Present Simple, + will + infinitive

EXAMPLES

  1. If it rains, I won't go to the park.
  2. If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.
  3. If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.
  4. If I see her, I'll tell her.
  5. If you drink too much, you'll get drunk.

Second Conditional

STRUCTURE

If + Past Simple, + would + infinitive

EXAMPLES

  1. If we were in London today, we would be able to go to the concert in Hyde Park.
  2. If I had millions dollars, I'd give a lot to charity.
  3. If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place.
  4. If everyone had clean water to drink, there would be a lot less disease.
  5. If I went to China, I'd visit the Great Wall.

Third Conditional

STRUCTURE

If + Past Perfect, + would + have + past participle

EXAMPLES

  1. If I had worked harder at school, I would have got better grades.
  2. If I had had time, I would have gone to see him. But I didn't have time.
  3. If we had bought that house, we would have had to rebuild the kitchen.
  4. If we had caught the earlier train, we would have got there on time but we were late.
  5. If I had paid more attention in class, I would have understood the lesson.

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