Adult and Child CPR
By: Ashley Decker
Check The Scene- Check if area around the victim is safe.
Check The Patient- Tap or shout to see of they can respond. See if the patient is breathing normally.
Activate EMS- Call 911- Send someone to call them id they have not already been called. Then have them come back and help.
Compressions- Give 30 compressions at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.
Check The Scene- See if the area around infant is safe and that no gas or chemicals are in the air.
Check The Patient-Tap on the foot and check for normal breathing and if the chest is rising and falling.
Activate EMS – Call 911 -Care first for children and infants by providing about 5 cycles or 2 minutes of CPR before calling EMS or 911.
Compressions- Do 30 compressions at a rate of 100 per minute with 2 fingers at a depth of 1/3 between the nipples.
Check Airway- Using the tilt chin lift look in the mouth for any foreign objects. Sweep out right away if any found.
Breathing- Give 2 breaths but since an infants lungs are not that big and fully grown do 2 puffs of air for at least 1 second.
Continue- Keep doing the cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths(puffs) of air until EMS arrive and take over or until infant goes unconscious.
Adult and Child Conscious Choking
Ask "Are you choking?" If person cannot speak or breath start treatment right away.
Stand behind victim with one foot between their legs or feet and your other foot behind you.
Place the flat side of your fist just above the belly button. Then grab the back of your fist with your other hand.
Administer abdominal thrusts, pulled inward and upward until patient becomes unconscious or the object comes out.
Special Circumstances:If the patient is pregnant or too large to reach around, give chest thrusts instead.
Infant Conscious Choking
Ask "Are you choking?"
If infant can not respond or breath start treatment right away.
Support infants face and place infants body on your forearm.
REMEMBER- KEEP INFANTS FACE LOWER THAN FEET
Than administer 5 back blows between the infants shoulder blades with the palm of your hand.
Support the infants head and turn the baby over to your other forearm. Give 5 chests thrusts.`
Continue back blows and chest thrusts until object comes out or patient becomes unconscious.
Adult and Child Unconscious
If you are giving someone abdominal thrusts and they go unconscious lower them safely to the ground.
Activate EMS and send somenoe to call 911
Then give 30 chest compressions (2 inches deep for adults and 1/3 depth of chest for children.)
Open airway and check the the mouth for a foreign body. If foreign body is found sweep it out with your finger right away.
Attempt rescue breaths. If the rescue breaths did not make the chest rise, reposition head and reattempt rescue breaths.
Repeat 30 compressions and foreign body check.
If the victim is still unconscious and not breathing normally continue CPR with 30 compressions and 2 breaths.
Continue compressions, foreign body check, breathing attempts until air goes in and chest rises.
If the victim vomits roll them over on their side and clean out their airway. After you have cleared out the victims airway roll them back over and continue with care.
Infant Unconscious Choking
Activate EMS and have someone call 911
Give infant 30 chest compressions
Check infants airway for foreign body and if found sweep it out with your PINKIE
Attempt rescue breaths. If the rescue breaths do not make the infants chest rise reposition infants head and reattempt rescue breaths
Continue compressions, foreign body check, and breathing attempts until air goes in and chest rises.
If infant is still unconscious and not breathing continue CPR with 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths.
If the infant vomits roll infant on its side and clean out the airway. After the airway is cleared continue care.
Apply pressure to the wound to make it stop.
If it starts to leak through apply another cloth on top. Do not take from the bottom it will open the clot then you will have to start all over from scratch.
Keep wound above the heart
Once the bleeding is under control start to rap the bandage around the wound starting from the bottom and making your way up to the top.
Once you get to the wound twist the bandage so there will be a little bit more pressure.
When you have it tight enough check for any leaks in the bandage where bleeding could occur.
Check for capulary refill which tells you if the bandage is to tight.
GET the patient to the hospital.
Stands for Automated External Difibrillator
Turn on the machine
Bare chest and dry it off if wet. IF excessive hair you may need to shave it off.