Type 1 Diabetes
By: Jaskarn Sahota
The donut that is shown above is covered in medication pills. This represents the amount of pills you would have to take if you develop type 1 diabetes.
What are type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes are an autoimmune disease of the insulin- producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by cells called beta cells. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar also called glucose into the cells. It is then stored and used for energy later on. When there's not enough insulin, glucose starts to build up in the bloodstream instead of going into cells. Therefore the body isn't getting the glucose it needs to use it for energy. The definite cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. This problem occurs when the immune system accidently attacks and destroys healthy body tissue.
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age and time. It is most often diagnosed in children,adolescents, or young adults.
Symptoms- High Blood Sugar
* Very thirsty * Blurry Eyesight * Urinating more often
* Feeling Hungry * Numbness or tingling in feet *Deep, Rapid breathing
* Feeling tired all the time * Weight loss * Flushed face
Symptoms- Low Blood Sugar
* Headache * Rapid Heartbeat * Weakness
* Hunger * Shaking
* Nervousness * Sweating
Since Type 1 diabetes can start quickly and the symptoms can be and are severe, people who may have developed this condition may need to stay at the hospital for a period of time. You may need to have a check-up each week until you know you can control your blood sugar.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. There is no screening test for type 1 diabetes in a person who shows no symptoms whatsoever.
The presence of Type 1 diabetes today is very likely. It is passed through genetics or it is developed because of insulin not moving the glucose around to cells that is needed for energy.
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Type 1 Diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (2014, February 26). U.S National Library of Medicine. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000305.htm