Hammurabi/Samsu-Iluna

By: Lauren Ruhlman

Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi's code, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history. These laws were inscribed on stone tablets standing over eight feet tall (2.4 meters), of unknown provenance, found in Persia in 1901. Owing to his reputation in modern times as an ancient law-giver, Hammurabi's portrait is in many government buildings throughout the world.Hammurabi was the sixth king of Babylon from 1792 BC- 1750 BC.  He became the first king of the Babylonian Empire following the abdication of his father, Sin-Maballit. Hammurabi was born in 1810 BC Babylon, Iraq. He died 1750 BC. Hammurabi lived for only thirty years! Hammurabi had only one child, a son named Samsu- Illuna. Samsu- Iluna's mother is unknown. Just like Hammurabi's. Samsu-iluna (Amorite Shamshu, c. 1750 - 1712 BC) was the seventh king of the founding Amorite dynasty of Babylon, ruling from 1750 BC to 1712 BC (middle chronology), or from 1686 to 1648 BC (short chronology). He was the son and successor of Hammurabi by an unknown mother. His reign was marked by the violent uprisings of areas conquered by his father and the abandonment of several important cities (primarily in Sumer).  The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world.he sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a human-sized stone stele and various clay tablets. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth"  as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Nearly one-half of the Code deals with matters of contract, establishing, for example, the wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon. Other provisions set the terms of a transaction, establishing the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, for example, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another.

Sources

http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/people/p/Hammurabi.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammurabi

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsu-iluna

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