Treatment Of Psychological Disorderws

Key Vocab

psychotherapy: treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

unconditional positive regard: a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance.

active listening: empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers’ client-centered therapy

cognitive therapy: therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

psychopharmacology: the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

Key Theories, Approaches, and Perspectives

psychoanalysis: Freud’s theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. Freud believed the patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transference—and the therapist’s interpretations of them—released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.

client-centered therapy: a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients’ growth.

Insight Therapies (Humanistic Perspective): a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client’s awareness of underlying motives and defenses

Treating Schizophrenia goes beyond simple reasoning and may require medication known as  antipsychotic drugs

Obsessive Compulsive disorder can be treated over a long time with a variety/combination of cognitave therapies as well as SSRIs

Freud's  famous office in which he allowed for the patient to speak "what was on their mind"  without distractions of the room or of himself.  He sometimes spent years at a time analyzing patients.

Repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity. (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation)


Electroconvulsive Thearapy  "reboots the nervous system for depressed patients

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