TB pg. 640- Metaphors - When you describe one thing as something else
- Personification - Giving something that is not human human characteristics
- Similes -  Using like to compare 2 unlike things
- Alliteration - Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
- Repetition - Repeated use of a sound word or phrase
- Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables
- Consonance - The repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables- Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds- Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the ends of words
- Rhythm - The repetition of weak and strong beats, and even pauses, in a poemTB pg. 641
- Lines - Help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many different parts-Stanzas - Grouped lines to create an appearance on the page or to group thoughts
- Meter - The rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
- Rhyme Scheme - The pattern of a rhyme in a poemTB pg. 642
- Lyric Poetry - Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker- Sonnets - 14 line poems with a formal tone
- Odes - Poems with a formal tone written mainly for celebrations and honoring
- Elegies - Poems that reflect on death and other solemn things.
- Narrative Poetry - Tells a story in verse
- Epics - Long lyrical poems that tell and exciting story
- Ballads - Song like poems that tell a story
- Free Verse Poetry - Defined by it's lack of strict structure, it does not have any normal restrictions
- Limericks - Humorous five line poems
- Concrete Poem - The words are arranged on the page to convey an idea
- Haiku - Short unrhymed poems often about nature

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