Student CPR Cheatsheet

By Mason Stenzel


CPR

Adult/Child

*Check the scene for safety

*Check the person for responsiveness and normal breathing

*Send someone to call 911 if the patient isn't responding

Adult: Give 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100 per minute, using two hands and compressing at least 2 inches deep

Child: Give 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100 per minute, using one or two hands and compressing at least 1/3 the depth of the chest

*Open the airway by tilting the head back

*Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each

*Continue cycles of 30 compressions to 2 breaths until patient becomes unconscious, the patient shows signs of life, or help arrives

Infant

*Check the scene for safety

*Check the infant for responsiveness and normal breathing

*Send someone to call 911 if the infant isn't responding

*Give 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100 compressions per minute, using 2 fingers in the middle of the chest between the nipples, and compressing at least 1/3 the depth of the chest

*Open the airway by tilting the head back

*Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each

*Continue cycles of 30 compressions to 2 breaths until infant becomes unconscious, shows signs of life, or help arrives

Conscious Choking

Adult/Child

*Ask: "Are you choking?"

*Send someone to call 911 if patient appears to be choking

*Stand behind victim with one foot between victim's feet and your other foot behind you

*Place the flat side of your fist just above the patient's belly button. Grab the back of your fist with your other hand

*Administer abdominal thrusts, pulling inward and upward, until the object comes out or patient becomes unconscious

Infant

Support the infant's face and place body on your forearm

*Keep infant's head lower than feet

*Administer 5 back blows between the shoulder blades with the palm of your hand

*Support the infant's head. Turn the baby over onto your other forearm. Give 5 chest thrusts

Continue back blows and chest thrusts until object comes out or infant becomes unconscious

Unconscious Choking

Adult/Child

*Lower patient safely to the ground

*Send someone to call 911

*Give 30 chest compressions

*Open airway and sweep out object with finger if an object is present

*Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each

*If breaths don't make the chest rise, reposition head and reattempt rescue breaths and continue the last 3 steps until patient shows signs of life or help arrives

Infant

*Lower infant safely to the ground

*Send someone to call 911

*Give 30 chest compressions, using 2 fingers in the middle of the chest, between the nipples

*Open airway and sweep out object with pinky finger if an object is present

*Give 2 breaths lasting 1 second each

*If breaths don't make the chest rise, reposition head and reattempt rescue breaths and continue the last 3 steps until infant shows signs of life or help arrives

Arterial Bleeding

*Use direct pressure

*Add more bandages to the top if the blood leaks through. NEVER take off bottom layer

*Elevate wound above heart if possible

*Start wrapping on the end of the wound furthest away from the heart and work your way up to the heart

*After you have wrapped it tight enough, check for blood seeping through the tissue and check the patient's capillary refill

*Make sure the wound is elevated above the heart

*Activate EMS

*Get patient to the hospital

AED

(Automated External Defibrillator)

*Turn the machine on

*Bare the chest. Dry it off and shave any excessive hair off

*Follow pad placement diagrams on the machine. Adult: Place one pad on the right side of the chest above the nipple. Place other pad on the lower left ribs below the armpit. Child: Place one pad on the right side of the chest above the nipple. Place other pad on the lower left ribs below the armpit. Infant: Place pads in the anterior-posterior position

*Make sure pads are placed down firmly

*Follow AED prompts

*Stand clear from patient while AED analyzes

*Push the shock button if prompted to. Continue CPR if not prompted to shock

*As soon as shock has been delivered, start CPR at 30 compressions to 2 breaths

*The AED will reanalyze every 2 minutes and prompt if shock is needed

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