Tang dynasty

The Tang Dynasty was from 618- 907 AD. At the end of the Sui Dynasty the empire fell apart. In 618 after Emperor Yang was killed by his chancellor, Yuwen Hujai, Li Yuan seized the chance to proclaim himself emperor and changed the state title to Tang. The Tang Dynasty with its capital at Chan`an at the time was the most popolus city in the world, is generally regarded at a high point in Chinese Cilivzations equal to Han Dynasty a golden age of culture.

The Tang Dynasty was throughout most of China and Turkmenstin.

The first glorious period was from 627 to 649 when the Tang Dynasty was trying to recover from the previous bad condition. Under Emperor Taizong Li Shimin's wise governing, the national strength and social development reached an strong sucess, economy and commerce flourished, the social order was stable, corruption never existed in the court and the national boundaries were even open to foreign countries.

In 618 the civil war ended with the Duke of Tang, Li Yuan, as the winner. He brought together China, became known as Emperor Gao-zu and began what became known as the Tang Dynasty. After he died, his sons fought over who would inherit his rule, and the winner was Taizong, who ruled to the middle of the century and led China in a return to sucess and what would be called a golden age.

Taizong's son and heir, Gaozong, was weak, and rule in China fell down again into conflict and murder. This began when Gaozong's mistress, Wu Zetian, managed to get the emperor to promote her in place of his wife. Wu Zetian used the convetional way of getting rid of rivals: she had the former empress and other rivals murdered. Wu Zetian became Empress Wu, and she exiled, murdered and drove to suicide elder ministers.

Emperor Gaozong suffered a stroke in his eleventh year of rule, became week and a mere figurehead. Empress Wu more firmly established her power. She murdered members of the Tang family whom she saw as potential rivals, and she elevated the standings of members of her own family. Working with informers, she established a reign of terror. She removed Confucian scholars and other opponents. But she also built a political base by satisfying public needs and by raising in rank those people in government  who supported her. She remained devoted to Buddhism. She surrounded herself with holy men and monks and ordered a Buddhist temple.

In her old age, empress Wu lost control at court, and in 705 officials at court made her  resign in favor of a member of the Tang family. This was a man named Zhongzong, who ruled until his death in 710 -- his wife, Empress Wei, impression of having poisoned him. Empress Wei tried to rule as had Empress Wu. She had sold offices and Buddhist monkhoods, and she was behind other corruption at court. She created opponents whom she failed to kill, and they ousted her from power, which led to the enthronement in 712 of a new Tang emperor: Xuanzong.

Xuanzong came to power at the age of 28, he was to remain in power forty-four years. He was active and courageous, and during his reign, sucess increased. But in his later years he was was advancing  in Taoist spirituality and uninterested in rule. After 745 he for  his son's wife, Yang Guifei, a Taoist priestess. Yang Guifei developed in influence. Xuanzong had ignored the economy and China went into another decline.

In 751, Islamic armies defeated the Chinese in central Asia, stopping China's route to India and the West. Muslims replaced the Chinese as the biggest influence along the Silk Road, and tribal nations on China's borders grew in power.

In December 755, An Lushan went against the old Tang emperor, Xuanzong. An Lushan was a general of Turkish origin who had risen to  defend China's northern border. As he expanded militarily he immersed government officials, treating them well. The Tang Dynasty resistance continued, and China was in chaos once again.

  An Lushan turned irritable, and he put the fear of death into those close to him, including his son, An Qingxu, who killed him in January 757.The Tang dynasty forces defeated an executed Qingxu in April 759. Eight years of war had destroyed the Tang dynasty.

  This  good will between Chinese and non-native populations coincided with weakening of imperial Tang political dominance in Central Asia. The beginnings of this decline are  dated to the year 751, when Tang forces were destroyed by an army composed of allied Türkic and Arab forces at Atlach on the Talas River (west of Lake Balkash in modern Kazakhstan). A few years later in 755, a rebellious army of 150,000 frontier troops led by General An Lushan would take the city of Jojun (modern Beijing) in the northeastern part of the empire. It took the Tang military eight years to crush the rebellion, and the empire never fully recovered. Over the next century, both peasant revolts and foreign invasions increased, while more  power was passed to provincial rulers as the centralized Tang state slowly collapsed. Though a Tang emperor occupied the throne until 907, by the 890s most of the empire was in the hands of independent and motivated military leaders. By the time of the Tang collapse the empire had split into ten kingdoms, and would remain broken until its reunification under the Song dynasty

    Contributions:  There were many contributions to modern day society. The contributions to modern day society were gunpowder, porcelain, mechanical clock, compass, spinning wheel, and block printing. The silk road helped get new ideas to the tang dynasty so it could help contribute to the contributions to modern day society. It connected china with western cultures. ( Muslim and Byzantine empire) The Tang Dynasty gave us tea, dance,music, brandy, and, whiskey.

Today, modern day society people drink tea instead of soda. Tea helps people stay up instead of coffee. People love to dance they have fun with it. Some people get their cultural ideas through music.

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