Unit 11: Testing and Individual Differences

Intelligence- mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

Helpful Websites:http://www.appsychology.com/Book/Cognition/Intelligence/intelligencehome.htm


Quiz your vocab knowledge!!!


Learn about Famous Psychologists Here!!


Theories of Intelligence:

1.Fluid vs. Crystallized-
A.) Fluid intelligence is our ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new information and skills; decreases with age
B.) Crystallized intelligence involves using knowledge accumulated over time may increase with age

2.Charles Spearman
A.)Spearman said that Intelligence can be expressed as a single factor.
B.) Used factor analysis
i. conclusion
(1) s- specific abilities that people regard as different types of intelligence
(2) g- general. underlies every s

3.L.L. Thurstone and J.P. Guilford
i. primary mental abilities theory
(1) intelligence is comprised of seven main abilities
over 100 mental abilities exist

4.Howard Gardner
a.Multiple intelligences
linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal, naturalist

5.Daniel Goleman
a. Emotional intelligence (EQ)
i. similar to interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence

6. Robert Sternberg
a. Sternberg’s triarchic theory
i. three types of intelligence
ii. componential/analytic intelligence
(1)  ability to compare and contrast, explain, and analyze
iii. experimental/creative intelligence
(1) ability to use knowledge and experiences in new, innovative ways
iv. contextual/practical intelligence
(1) street smarts
(2) ability to apply what you know to real world situations

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