# Anchor Tasks in the Elementary Classroom

**Solve: 5,146 - 2,598 **

Use the materials available to solve this problem.

Keep track of your thinking and problem-solving methods in your math journal.

# Instructional Best Practices

# Anchor Tasks Support Inquiry

Student voice and choice

Questions and concepts

Collaborative work

Strategic thinking

Authentic investigations

Student responsibility

Students as knowledge creators

Interaction and talk

Teacher as coach/model

# Materials Needed for an Anchor Task

1. **One problem** - generally the first "LEARN" in the lesson from *Math in Focus*

2. **Manipulatives** - concrete materials that may or may not be used

3. **Student journals** - students recording their thinking as they work to solve a problem.

4. **Chart Paper or Document Camera or Smart Board**- a place to collect student methods at solving a problem.

5. **Community of learners **ready to share and discuss their thinking

# Anchor Tasks in Action

**5th Grade Video**

**1st Grade Video **

# Choosing a Problem

**Yeap Ban Har says:** *Good tasks allow the attainment of learning outcomes and allow teachers to challenge advanced learners even as he takes care of the rest of the students. *

**Guidelines: **

- one problem that can be solved over an extended period of time.

- must have a specific goal in mind

- concise in nature

- 15 minutes is a target timeframe.

- an entry point for all students

- multiple methods to find the solution.

- concrete materials

-typically the first LEARN of a lesson from MIF

# Teacher Role

**Launch **the problem.

Students can work **independently** or in **small groups**, depending on your goal.

Support and encourage students through **questioning**:

- Is there another way you can do that?
- How do you know?
- What have you discovered?
- What other choices do you have?
- How are these similar?
- How are these different?
- Where can you find that answer?
- What do you find difficult or challenging?
- Describe……. Explain…… Tell………. List……..
- Restate-“Can you tell me what he said?”

Keep tabs on **methods** students are using.

**Strategically plan** how to uncover students solutions during the share.

# Share Out

**Look for**** ****student work that shows:**

- visual representations
- use of algorithms
- written explanations

**Reveal students answers/methods is a strategic manner. Basic to most complex.**