Infant Health & Wellness

By: McKenna Hipps & Bailey Hernandez

How to bathe a baby?

There are two types of baby bath sponge baths and a tub bath. Newborns should have a sponge bath until the navel heals.

Steps:

  1. Prepare for the baby's bath: Set up the baby bathtub, towels, washcloths, shampoo, and other supplies. Put about two inches of war water in the baby's bath. Test the temperature, when the baby is ready undress the baby
  2. Put the baby in the tub: Support a very young baby's head and neck with one hand and arm, hold the baby's body with the other hand. Lower the baby into the tub. You must stay with the baby at all times.
  3. Wash the baby's face: Use clear water and a damp soft washcloth to wash the baby's face.
  4. Wash and rinse the baby's hair: Wet the baby's hair and add a bit of shampoo and rub gently. Rinse by pouring water toward the sides and back of the baby's head. You only need to wash the baby's hair about twice a week.
  5. Wash the baby's body: While supporting the baby's body use your free hand to wash and rinse the baby.
  6. Dry the baby's body: Wrap the baby in a clean towel immediately, pate the baby dry and dress the baby.

How to change a diaper?

You need to deiced what kind of diaper you are going to use there are two choices disposable diapers and cloth diapers.

Steps:

  1. Remove the diaper and clean the baby: Thoroughly clean the diaper area with a damp washcloth or disposable wipe.
  2. Put on a fresh diaper: Hold the baby's ankles and lift the body to slide the diaper underneath the baby.
  3. Dispose of used supplies: Throw out all used wipes and disposable diapers, preferably in a trash container with a lid.

Health care

Cleaning teeth is one part of baby's health care. Regular checkups and immunizations and watching for illness are also important parts of maintaining a baby's health.

Safety Concerns

Keeping children safe is one of a caregivers greatest responsibilities.

The following are some safety guidelines for infants:

  • Choking: keep floors clear of small objects such as buttons, coins, and safety pins.
  • Suffocation: soft, flexible objects that can cover an infants nose and mouth may cause suffocation.
  • Water: never leave a baby alone near or in water.
  • Falls: do not leave a baby alone on any raised area.
  • Poisoning: babies put everything into their mouths.
  • Burns: never leave children alone around hot liquids, ovens, or irons.
  • Sun: infants should wear sunglasses and hats with a brim when outdoors.
  • Animals: babies do not know how to act around animals, even pets.
  • Clothing: it is very important that a baby's clothing be flame retardant.

Checkups

  1. Usually within a day of birth: a doctor does a thorough check of the newborn, including all parts of the body.
  2. two or three days after a baby is born
  3. 1 month
  4. 2 month
  5. 4 month
  6. 6 month
  7. 9 month
  8. 12 month

These exams the doctor will continue to track the baby's growth and development thoroughly examine and measure the baby and respond to parents questions and concerns.

Definitions

  • Cradle cap- A skin condition known for yellowish crusty patches on the scalp.
  • Diaper rash- A condition that includes patches of rough, red, irritated skin in the diaper area.
  • Teething- The process of the teeth pushing their way through the gums.
  • Immunization- A shot of a small amount of a dead or weakened disease-carrying germ given so the body may build resistance to the disease.
  • Vaccine- The disease-carrying germ that usually is injected in the body.

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