The origins of the Aztec are uncertain. Sometime during the twelfth century A.D, they began a long migration that brought them to the Valley of Mexico. They eventually established a capital at Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City. There they would rule until the Spanish conquest.
A Map of the Ztecs Territory
Photo of The Aztecs Timeline
What they Ate and How they Got It
The Aztecs were mainly farmers. They grew a very large variety of corn otherwise known as maize. They didn't only grow corn they, they grew many other crops like beans and squash. The Aztecan diet included tomatoes, limes, cashews, potatoes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, and very surprisingly, dog. Many other foods were eaten but to a lesser degree. The Aztecs, with their capital city located on an island, developed a wetland farming system involving raised beds built in the lake.
The Aztecs, in 1519, had an estimated population of around 5 million people. This around of people is actually comparable to Paris and Naples, the two largest European cities in the 1500's.
The Aztecs had a system of calenders to keep time. The Tonalpohualli was the most important of them. This calender had 260 days, and marked when the Aztec ceremonies would be. These ceremonies where 20 day periods for a certain Aztec god. The second calender was a 365 day calender that was broken up into 18 20-day months. This calender is best represented by two calender wheels, one shows each day god in the 260-day cycle and the other wheel shows each of the 365 year days.
The Aztecs had many gods, and thye celebrated each one of them. A couple of them include Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Chalchiuhtlicue.
The most important one though was HUITZILOPOCHTLI, the god that built their city and the Sun god.
The Capital city of the Aztecs was Tenochtitlan. It was built on a series of islets in Lake Texcoco. The city was divided into four city sections called campans. Most Aztec cities were symmetrical. Most houses were build with logs and were NOT separated. Some interesting points are that they would build their houses similar to mountains, and they even made some pyramids.