Smith-Magenis Syndrome

Cassandra Brown

Is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body.

The major feature of this condition include mild to moderate intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, sleep disturbances and behavioral problems.

Affects 1 out of 25,000 , it is also believed that SMS is under-diagnosed.

Causes:

SMS is typically not inherited. This condition usually results from a genetic change that occurs during the formation of reproductive cells or the early fetal development.

Most often people with SMS have no history of the conditiopn in their family.

Diagnosis:

SMS is usually conformed by blood test called chromosome analysis

Children with SMS  are often given psychiatric diagnosis such as autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), attention dificit disorder (ADD) and/or mood disorders

Treatment:

Treatment for SMS relies on managing its symptoms.

Melatonin supplements and trazodone are commonly used to regulate their sleep distrubances

Symptoms:

Short stature, abnormal curvature of spine and redused sensitivity to pain and temperature.

They include frequent temper tantrums and outburst, aggression, anxiety, inpulsiveness and difficulty paying attention.

Self-injury including bitting, hitting, head banging and skin picking.

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