Development of a State
By Maya Garg and Agnibho Roy
One of the first human settlements was Mesopotamia. The first type of state to evolve is a city-state. A city-state is a sovereign state that comprises of a town and the surrounding country. They would get military power over one another and create empires. Mesopotamia was organized this way by the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians. Simultaneously, Egypt became a separate empire with a large land area, and it lasted from 3000B.C to 4th century B.C.
Early European States:
The Roman Empire controlled political unity in the world by controlling Europe, SW Asia, and part of Africa. At its highest point of time, the empire consisted of 38 provinces with a set of laws. The Roman Army defended its frontiers, but eventually fell in 5th century AD. They broke up the European Empire and gave them to the nobilities. Then, the nobles would fight each other and gain land from their defeated rivals. The non-nobles fought for the nobles and lived on the estates. Subsequently, kings emerged as rulers. This formed the basis for modern states of today.