The Bill of Rights
"A bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every
government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government should
--- Thomas Jefferson
December 20, 1787
Was created on September 25, 1789
Thomas Jefferson argued that "When governments fear the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny. The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government."
The entire Bill of Rights was created to protect rights the original citizens believed were naturally theirs, including:
FREEDOM OF RELIGION
The right to exercise one's own religion, or no religion, free from any government influence or compulsion.
FREEDOM OF SPEECH, PRESS, PETITION & ASSEMBLY
Even unpopular expression is protected from government suppression or censorship
The right to be free of unwarranted and unwanted government intrusion into one's personal and private affairs, papers, and possessions.
DUE PROCESS OF LAW
The right to be treated fairly by the government whenever the loss of liberty or property is at stake.
EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW
The right to be treated equally before the law, regardless of social status.