Lithium comes from the Greek word "lithos" meaning "stone" or "rock". It was named by Johann Arfvedson who also discovered it. The atomic symbol for lithium is Li, the atomic number is 3, and the atomic mass is 6.94. Economic concentrations of lithium are found in brines, minerals and clays in various parts of the world. Brines and high-grade lithium ores are the present source for all commercial lithium production. The largest known deposits of lithium are in Bolivia and Chile. It is not found as its pure form and is the lightest known metal. Lithium has a melting point of 356.9 and a boiling point of 2448 degrees Fahrenheit. It has a density of .534 grams per cubic centimeter. It is not very abundant with only .007% in the earths crust. Lithium is used in batteries, grease, polymers, glass, ceramics, chemicals, and aluminum.
"The Element Lithium." It's Elemental -. Http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele003.html. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.