This is the story of how our country was formed. The settlers found happiness when they moved West.
#10 The Whiskey Rebellion: Farmers did not have a lot of money. They did not get to have any pleasure. Whiskey was their pleasure when they came home from the fields. The farmers were very furious when they found out about the tax on whiskey. George Washington was worried about the reaction that the farmers in Pennsylvania had to this tax. This caused the Whiskey Rebellion. The farmers protest were very violent. George Washington let them know that the government would do what ever it took to uphold the social order.
#9 The XYZ Affair and the Alien and Sedition Acts: The United States was having problems with France. When John Adams became President he had to deal with the France issue. The United States wastrying to help Britain Resolve the war between Britain and France. France did not like that the United States helped, Britain so they took over American ships that were bringing cargo to Britain. Later, Adams appointed a delegation to go to France and workout a compromise. The delegation was going to talk with the French minister Charles de Talleyrand. Talleyrand sent three men to bribe them and get a loan for the French. This made Adams very upset. He would not even write or say the names of the three men that tried to make a unfair deal with the Americans. He referred to them as X,Y, and Z. This was known as the XYZ Affair. Americans became very worried about the immigrants that were living in the United States that were not citizens. Federalist created a strict law that stated if any immigrant appeared to be a threat, they would be thrown in prison.
#8 California Gold Rush of 1849: People rushed to California to find Gold. They would build an association overnight. San Francisco grew dramatically during the Gold Rush. Only a few of the forty-niners became wealthy. Gold mining was a very difficult job. The pay was based on how much gold they found. Going to California and getting a job in the mines was a risk because it was dangerous and the pay was not good.
#7 Thomas Jefferson: Thomas Jefferson was our third president who was a democratic republican. He had a laissez-faire philosophy that allowed people do as they wanted. Jefferson felt that people should be educatedand able to take care of themselves.
#6 The War of 1812: The War of 1812 raised the level of our pride in the United States. A lot of people in America did not supportthe war. War was expensive and many lives would be lost in during war. Many Americans did not want to experience that. Then there were other Americans wanted to go to war sowe could have our pride and have our happiness.
#5 Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act: Andrew Jackson was our seventh president. A lot of Americans liked him because he was humble. He represented the American Dream. Jackson wanted equal protection and benefits for all Americans. He thought that it would be good to move the NativeAmericans into the frontiers. He thought that this would be a good idea because we could have more land and they could experience new land and be able to live in the frontiers. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830, however Native Americans did not like this idea. They did not like this because they were forced to leave everything they knew and start over in a new place.
#4 Manifest Destiny, the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, and the Mormon Trail: Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States needed to expand to the West. The eastern part of the United States was experiencing economic trouble. Oregon had fertile soil which attracted a lot of pioneers to come to Oregon. The path they followed was called the Oregon Trail. The SantaFe Trailwas the path that Americans traveled from St Louis to New Mexico. The Americans were going to the marketplaces to set up trade in New Mexico. The Mormon Trail was the trailthat pilgrims traveled to find free practice of religion. They moved to Utah because where they lived, their religion was not accepted. This is an important example of how we found happiness by moving West.
#3 The Mexican-American War: President Polk thought that California and New Mexico were part of the United States. Mexico would not sell the land to the United States, so President Polk attacked them. United States was going to make sure that we protected the boarder of Texas, that we took control of New Mexico, California, and capture Mexico City. After going to war with Mexico the United States won and we accomplished what we had set out to do. California and New Mexico were purchased for fifteen million dollars and became a part of the United States.
#2 Eli Whitney's cotton gin and the Industrial Revolution: Eli Whitney invented a machine called the cotton gin. His invention changed the cotton industry forever. This was an example of an invention that would have been created in the Industrial Revolution. During the Industrial Revolution new inventions were created that helped reduce the work load and changed how the workwas done. The inventions during the Industrial Revolution helped then and without those inventions we would not be where we are today! Over the years we have improved the inventions. We would not have everything we have today without the inventions that were created during the Industrial Revolution.
#1 George Washington: George Washing became the first President of the United States. He knew that what he did was going to set an example for future Presidents. He wanted the United States to stay neutral to stay out of trouble. He did not accept a third term because he did not want to be like a King ofthe United States. He also wanted to go home to see his family and to rest. He wrote a Farewell Address that said the United States should not form political parties and should not get involved in foreign affairs.
Timeline of Important Events
April 30, 1789: During the Revolutionary War George Washington served as commander in chief and was elected the first President of the United States. He helped write constitution. George Washington is known as the "Father of Our Country."
Election of 1800: This election was between John Adams, a federalist, and Thomas Jefferson, a democratic republican. The election resulted in a tie. The House Representatives chose a winner by single vote. The winner of the single vote was Thomas Jefferson. He became the third President of the United States.
Spring of 1804: Thomas Jefferson chose Lewis and Clark to explore the new territory. Lewis and Clark were very excited to be able to go on the expedition because they would be the first people to explore the new territory. The expedition began in the spring of 1804 and lasted for two years. Sacajawea, a native american joined them as their group guide. Lewis and Clark got along with Native Americans on their journey and they all benefited from working together
1807: France and Britain were in at war with each other. British did not want the United States to trade with France. They would block the trading routes so that American trade ships could not get through. This disrupted the neutral rights. In 1807 A United States ship named the USS Chesapeake was attacked by a British ship. Three Americans were killed in this attack. This made a lot of Americans angry and they wanted war with Britain. This lead to the War of 1812.
1814: The Treaty of Ghent was signed in December, 1814 which ended the War of 1812. The soldiers did not know that war was over until six months after the treaty was signed. Unfortunately, many lives were lost during this time.
1820: Missouri was a new state being admitted into the United States. There was an argument over if Missouri should be a slave state or a free state. The North wanted Missouri to be a free state and the South wanted it to be slave state. The Missouri Compromise helped end the argument witha compromise. Missouri was admitted as a slave state and Maine was admitted as a free state.
1830: President Jackson moved Native Americans into the frontiers. He thought that it would be a good idea for both Americans and Native Americans. It would be good for Americans because we could have more land to expand. It would be good for the Native Americans because they would get to go and start over and experience new lands. The Native Americans did not like this becausePresident Jackson was making them leave everything thing they knew behind and go into a land that they have never been to before and live there. This was called the Indian Removal Act. The path that they took to the frontier was called the Trial of Tears.
1835: Many Americans wanted to live in Texas. General Santa Anna took control of Mexico and stopped Americans from moving to Texas. This made the Americans mad and they were willing to fight Santa Anna for the right to live in Texas. General Santa sent troops into Texas to fight the rebel Americans.SantaAnna fought the Americans at the Alamo and Santa Anna defeated the Americans.
1836: Since the Americans did not win the battle at the Alamo, they planed a surprise attack against Santa Anna. While the Americans were fighting they yelled "Remember the Alamo!" We won the surprise attack and we took control of the land.
1848: In February,1848 the Mexican-American War was ended with the signing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty. The United States bought California and New Mexico for fifteen million dollars. Mexico gave the United States allof the land north of the Rio Grande.
Biographical Summary of George Washington
George Washington was born on February 22, 1732. He was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Washington started his career as a surveyor. Early in his military career, he was apart of the Virginia militia. He was very brave and took on a dangerous task of taking a letter to the French in the Ohio Valley. Washington nearly died on his way back home. He almost died by falling into icy water after he finished his mission. Because of his bravery he was named commander of the Virginia militia. He served as the commander until 1758. He retired to Mount Vernon, where he met and married Martha Custis. George and Martha had a large farm on Mount Vernon, they worked and grew their farm until it was four times larger than when they started. Washington got into politics and was elected as a representative for the Virginia House of Burgesses. A few years after that, the Revolutionary War started. Washington became the commander in chief. Then in 1789 George Washington was elected our first President of the United States. He retired from office in 1797. Washington died in December 14, 1799.
Trail of Tears leads to a new home for Native Americans
President Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. By signing this Act, President Jackson uprooted thousands of Native Americans from their homes. These Native Americans have lived on these lands for hundreds of years. They did nothing to deserve being removed from their homes against their will. Now these people will have to learn a new way of life in a new land. Many familieswere broken apart and destroyed during this forced move. They were made to travel thousands of miles form their homes to the new frontier. The path they took became known as the Trail of Tears. The trail had many tears shed on it and many people died on the trial. I think that President Jackson violated the rights of the Native Americans by taking their homeland away from them. I think President Jackson's philosophy should have been equality among all people, not just entitlement for the Americans.
A Country Looses Its Father
George Washington died today at his house in Mount Vernon. He was 67 years old. He was born on February 22, 1732 and died today, December 14, 1799. He was survived by his wife, Martha Washington. He was a great leader during the Revolutionary War, he was elected the first President of the Untied States. He helped develop our Constitution and was given the nickname "The Father Of Our Country."
REVOLUTIONARY WAR BALLS
1 c. sugar
1 c. milk
1 pinch salt
1 tsp. vanilla
1 big dash nutmeg
3 c. flour
2 tsp. baking powder
Mix 8 ingredients. Drop by tablespoon in hot fat. While warm, roll in sugar or cinnamon mixture. Militiamen carried them during the Revolutionary War.
By The Numbers
- 71 to 68 in favor of John Adams, was the vote for the Presidential election of 1796.
- 6 months after the Treaty of Ghent was signed, the troops found out that the War of 1812 was over.
- 5th President of the United States was elected in 1816, his name was James Monroe.
- 17,000 Cherokee were forced to Oklahoma from Georgia, the path they traveled became known as the Trail of Tears.
-32 days after falling during his inauguration, President Harrison died. He was the first President to die in office.
- 300 families under Stephen F. Austin's lead, were allowed by Mexico to start a new colony in Texas.
-180 American soldiers fought against thousands of Mexican soldiers at the Alamo.
- 12 days of fighting took many lives at the Alamo.
- $15 million dollars was the amount that the United States paid to purchase California and New Mexico.
- 12,000 pilgrims traveled the Mormon Trail looking for religious freedom.
The California Gold Rush
This is map of the path that many Americans took to go to California searching for gold.
In California, James Wilson Marshall found gold in the American River on January 24, 1848. Most people did not believe that he really found gold. The whirlwind of excitement did not begin until news of a second gold discovery by Sam Brannan in Sutter's Creek in May of 1848. Newspapers from California to New York printed articles about the discovery. By 1849, this brought thousands of people to California in search of gold. This movement was called the Gold Rush and the gold-seekers became known as the "forty-niners", since most of the people started coming to California in early 1849. The sudden inpouring of people caused the population of California to grow from 200 to over 300,000. The state grew in population and wealth, which was one step toward making sure that California would be a part of the United States. Many of the immigrants helped form new cities. Representatives were elected and worked in Washington, D.C. to work out the terms allowing California to finally become part of the United States.
Appleby, Joyce. Brinkley, Alan. Broussard, Albert. McPherson, James. Ritchie, Donald. The American Journey. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2012.
Battle Scarred. American History Magazine. December 1999. http://www.historynet.com/george-washington. 10 December 2014.
Cooks.com. The FOURnet Information Network. 2014. http://www.cooks.com/recipe/y21nz1jt/revolutionary.... 10 December 2014.
The California Gold Rush, 1849. EyeWitness to History. 2003. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/californiagoldr.... 10 December 2014.
California Gold Rush. Wikipedia. 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Gold_Rush. 10 December 2014.
Jones,Andrew. "The Federalist Era." American History 6th period. Mount Pisgah Christian School, Johns Creek, GA. Fall 2014. Class lecture.
Jones,Andrew. "The Jefferson Era." American History 6th period. Mount Pisgah Christian School, Johns Creek, GA. Fall 2014. Class lecture.
Jones, Andrew. "Growth and Expansion." American History 6th period. Mount Pisgah Christian School, Johns Creek, GA. Fall 2014. Class lecture.
Jones, Andrew. "The Jackson Era." American History 6th period. Mount Pisgah Christian School, Johns Creek, GA. Fall 2014. Class lecture.
Jones, Andrew. "Manifest Destiny." American History 6th period. Mount Pisgah Christian School, Johns Creek, GA. Fall 2014. Class lecture.