Causes of the American Revolution

By Lawrence Basmouk

Top 10 causes of the American Revolution

Boston Massacre

Sons of Liberty

Proclamation of 1763

Quartering Act

Lexington and Concord

Townshend Acts

Intolerable Acts

Tea Act

First Continental Congress

French and Indian War

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was an incident that occurred on March 5th, 1700 when what started as a snow ball fight escalated very quickly. At first colonists were only throwing snow balls at some British sentries. Soon a mob of angry colonists formed and started pushing the British back. Some British troops opened fire killing three colonists instantly and wounding a few others. The Boston Massacre contributed to start of the American Revolution because writers used the incident to create more anti-British propaganda.

Sons of Liberty

The Sons of Liberty were formed from colonists after being agitated by British taxation and Parliament. They enforced the boycotts on British goods. They exerted pressure on merchants who didn't comply to the non-importation agreements. They also enforced their boycotts by tar and feathering those who did not comply.

Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 prevented western expansion. They did this to avoid conflict with the Indians to the west and also because it was easier to tax the colonists.This angered colonists because they felt that the British did this to make it easier to regulate them. Some colonists ignored the proclamation and moved west anyway. The colonists were mad that the land that was won during the French and Indian War was meaningless because they couldn't colonize it.

The Quartering Act

The Quartering Act required colonists to house British troops if other living quarters proved inadequate. They also had to provide food for the British soldiers that were staying in their house. This angered colonists because they didn't like being controlled and being forced to house the soldiers that they despised.

The Quartering Act forced Americans to take in red coats

Lexington and Concord

On the night of April 18 British troops were sent to Concord to seize colonial weapons, gunpowder, and to arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams. As they entered Lexington they encountered some minutemen. They insulted each other until a shot was fired. 8 Americans were killed in the skirmish. When they reached the North Bridge in Concord a bigger fight occurred between the Americans and British. Both sides sustained casualties. This event became known as "the shot heard round' the world." The battle of Lexington and Concord marked the start of the American Revolution.

Battle of Lexington and Concord

Townshend Acts

Act that taxed a variety of goods enacted in 1767. Some of the goods that were taxed include glass, tea, led, paints, paper, and silk. This act was proposed by the Chancellor of Exchequer, Charles Townshend. This tax was indirect tax paid at American ports. Colonists reacted by boycotting the goods. The Townshend acts were not very effective because there was networks of smugglers bypassing the tax. Two regiments of troops were sent to the colonies. Colonists felt like their liberties were being violated. This caused resentment towards Great Britain to escalate further.

Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts

Four laws were enacted by this act. The first was the Boston port act which stated that the Boston port would be closed until all the damaged tea from the Boston Tea Party was paid for. The Administration of Justice Act brought all legal cases involving royal officials committing capital crimes would be brought to Great Britain. The Massachusetts Government Act gave the governor more power and the people less power. The Quartering Act allowed British soldiers to stay at any colonists home if other places seemed inadequate. Many colonists believed these laws threatened their liberty. This strengthened American resistance towards Great Britain  

The Boston Tea Party led to the Intolerable Acts

Tea Act

Allowed East India Tea Company to bypass English and American wholesalers and sell directly to the American merchants at reduced prices. Colonists were angered by this because they believed that they were being tricked into paying the tax. Business owners worried about how if British could put a monopoly on colonial commerce that they could control all of American commerce. The Tea Act is one of the events that angered colonists and also led to the Boston Tea Party.

First Continental Congress

In September 1774, all the colonies (except Georgia) sent delegates to meet at Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia. The Continental Congress endorsed many letters from Great Britain and Canada explaining their actions. Before they left they agreed to make the Continental Association that called for a complete boycott of British goods.

French and Indian War

The French and Indian war was between the French and the British. Both sides were backed by Indian allies. British ended up winning the war thus giving Great Britain control over the colonies. This war left Great Britain without money. Great Britain decided to tax the colonies to gain back some money. However, these taxations are one of the causes that lead to the American Revolution.

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