Ancient Egypt
By: Billy Digdo

In Egypt it is 14 degrees C in the winter. It is 30 degrees C in the summer. Egypt has coastlines on both Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The country borders Libya. Egypt has a land area about the same as Texas and New Mexico combined.

Stable Food Supply

The most important thing in early life was water. The Nile River floods a lot and makes the ground fertile to grow crops. They grew wheat, barley, vegetables, and figs. Both the rich and the poor ate pork. They used many spices like salt, pepper, aniseed, fennel, dill, and mustard.

Social Structure

This pyramid shows how many rights each person has. There are six levels. Servants and Slaves have the least amount of rights. Farmers and Laborers are the next step up in the pyramid. Artisans and Craftsmen are right before Scribes. High Priests and Officials have the second most amount of rights. And the Pharaoh has the most rights.


Religion was very important to the Ancient Egyptians. They believed in many gods. One of their traditions was the Divine Kingship. This belief was that the Pharaoh was not just a King, but a god as well. They believed that when he died, he would become Osiris and that he would help them in the afterlife.

Anubis was the original god of the dead" before Osiris. Once Osiris took over, Anubis became one of many sons of Osiris and the "conductor of souls" of the underworld.

Another important god was Ra. He was a sun god. The Ancient Egyptians believed that all forms of life were created by Ra. They believed that humans were created from his tears and sweat.

Horus was considered "the lord of the sky". He was believed to be the son of Osiris. He was considered to be the mediator between heaven and earth.

The idea of afterlife was an important part of their religious beliefs. They believed that the body had to be preserved so their spirit could stay there in the afterlife. They would mummify the bodies and put them in the pyramids that the built.

System of government

The Egyptians form of government was Monarchy. This means there was one ruler - a Pharaoh.

Khufu was a ruler who built the Great Pyramid of Giza. Senusret was another ruler who built and refurbished temples. Hatshepsut was a Queen who extended Egyptian trade. Rameses II was a military leader and also a ruler.

In order to protect their civilization, they had an Egyptian Army.

the arts

The pyramids were the Ancient Egyptians' architecture. Inside the pyramids, was symbolic art. There were paintings and sculptures that tell us a lot of what we know about their civilization.

advances in technology

The Ancient Egyptians invented many things. One very important thing was the ramp and lever to help with the construction process. They also invented paper from papyrus. They played an important role in the invention of ships and lighthouses.

written language

The Ancient Egyptians thought that it was important to copy down and communicate the facts about religion and government. They wrote on papyrus, which was made from papaya. They wrote with hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics are shapes that relate to the word. We know what they stand for because of the Rosetta Stone.

connections to life today

The structure of government was similar since they had one ruler. Also, although it is not based on rights, we still have a social structure with various economic levels. There are also technological advances and inventions all the time many to even mention. Some of the technological advances are phones and computers.

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