Progestin (IUD )

The IUD Is A Small T-Shaped Plastic Device , About 1 To 1 1/2 Inches , With A String Attrached . A Health Care Provider Inserts the Device Through The Cervix  Into the Uterus , And It Releases System Progestin . More than 99% effective (less than 1 pregnancy per 100 women each year) You should not use a Mirena IUD if: you have severe liver disease; you have or have had pelvic inflammatory disease (pelvic)  or other conditions that may make you susceptible to pelvic infections; you have untreated activities or gingivitis; you are or may be pregnant.  All women should consider not smoking when using hormonal birth control. Though the initial cost of an IUD is relatively high, it may be cost effective over time.

Benefits

It allows women to feel more spontaneous about sex. You don't have to remember to use daily birth control or to interrupt foreplay to use birth control. It may reduce menstrual cramps and periods lightly or make them to stop completely. It can be used during breastfeeding. It lasts 5 to 7 years, and removal by your health care provider is quick and easy. You may be able to get pregnant quickly after its removal. Even with the use of Progestin you will still need to use condoms if you're concern about STD's!

Disadvantages

You may experience spotting between periods, irregular periods and increased cramps for up to 6 months. Your periods may eventually stop. When your IUD is inserted, you may experience mild to moderate pain, cramping or backache for a few days. If you or your partner has other partners, your risk of uterine infection increases. As with other forms of hormonal birth control, there is a slightly increased risk of heart attack, stroke and blood clots. Serious complications are rare, but always talk with your health care provider about risks and benefits. Requires visits to your health care provider for insertion and removal.

Effectiveness

The IUD slows or stops movement of the sperm and egg by changing cervical mucus, Fallopian tubes and the uterine lining. It also releases synthetic progestin hormone to prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg, similar to other forms of progestin only birth control. It takes about 7 days for the hormonal IUD to start working, and it remains effective for 5 to 7 years.

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