By Orab A

The nutrition related disease that I am researching is Osteoporosis. This blog will teach you everything you need to know about this disease and ways to prevent it.

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones. It is characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of the bones. This leads to increased bone fragility and risk of fracture, particularly of the hip, spine, wrist and shoulder (OSTEOPOROSIS CANADA, 2014). This is typically the result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of Calcium and/or vitamin D.


Description Of Disease

Check out this short video for more information on Osteoporosis.


The nutrients that are responsible for Osteoporosis is low calcium and vitamin D.

  • Calcium is an essential nutrient for bone health. (Health Arthritis & Joint Conditions. Carol Eustice. 2006)
  • Having a low amount of calcium in your body will make your bones become more fragile and increase the risk of bone fractures.
  • Calcium is useless without vitamin D.
  • Vitamin D allows calcium to move from the gastrointestinal tract to the parts of the body that need it — including the bones. (JOY BAUER, 2014)

                                      Deficiency Symptoms if Lack of Nutrients

-Diminished bone density         -Muscle aches & cramps          -Tooth decay

-Increase risk of fractures            -Weak or deformed bones          -Brittle nails & dry skin

                                                Reccomended Calcium Intake

Who it Affects

  • Osteoporosis is more common in seniors, but both men and women of all ages can be affected with this disease. (C-Health, 2014)
  • It is common among women who have reached menopause to obtain Osteoporosis. Hormone estrogen is no longer produced by the ovaries after menopause which is what maintains the bone strength in women. Women are more prone to Osteoporosis because they have 30% less bone mass than men. (C-Health, 2014)
  • However, when men and women reach the ages of 65-70, they both lose the same amount of bone mass.

(© 2001- 2014 ZeitenSchrift)

Causes and Prevention

Check out the video below for more information on causes and ways to prevent Osteoporosis. (Osteoporosis Causes and prevention,HeinigStudent, Go animate).


There are no cures for osteoporosis, and although there are treatments, prevention is still very important. Many treatment and prevention strategies are similar. Medications that are available to those suffering from osteoporosis include:

  • Bisphosphonates - One of the main groups of medications that may be used to prevent and treat osteoporosis;slow down bone loss and help repair bone, reducing the chance of fracture.
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs; e.g., raloxifene)- May  also be used to prevent and treat osteoporosis in women.
  • Calcitonin: Hormone normally produced by the thyroid gland; has been shown to strengthen bone.
  • Denosumab: Given as an injection; Stops the breakdown of bone, helping to strengthen your bones and lowering the chances of fracture.
  • Hormone-replacement therapies (HRTs): A variety of HRTs are available for women who have reached menopause. Estrogen replacement helps to preserve bone, but the therapy has a number of health risks.
  • Parathyroid hormone analogues (e.g., teriparatide): This class of medication builds new bone faster than it breaks it down, and can be used to treat severe osteoporosis.

(© 1996 - 2014 MediResource Inc.)

Presence of illness today:

Osteoporosis is common among Canadians 40 years of age or older.

  • 1.5 million Canadians 40 years of age or older (10%) reported having been diagnosed with osteoporosis, of which,
    • Women were 4 times more likely to report having osteoporosis than men.
    • Among Canadians 40 years of age or older:
      • Less than half reported taking calcium (40%), vitamin D (42%) or both calcium and vitamin D (32%) supplements.
      • Less than half (43%) reported regular physical activity.
  • Many individuals at high risk of osteoporosis are not being screened.

(Public Health Agency Canada, 2010-11-30)


Many Canadians today are suffering from Osteoporosis. However, it can be prevented if a healthy life style is followed. Making good choices for your body such as eating right, getting enough Calcium and Vitamin D, exercising and being educated are all things that will help protect you from osteoporosis in the future.


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